Impact of the human circadian system, exercise, and their interaction on cardiovascular function.

@article{Scheer2010ImpactOT,
  title={Impact of the human circadian system, exercise, and their interaction on cardiovascular function.},
  author={Frank A J L Scheer and Kun Hu and Heather Evoniuk and Erin E. Kelly and Atul Malhotra and Michael F. Hilton and Steven Andrew Shea},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2010},
  volume={107 47},
  pages={20541-6}
}
The risk of adverse cardiovascular events peaks in the morning (≈9:00 AM) with a secondary peak in the evening (≈8:00 PM) and a trough at night. This pattern is generally believed to be caused by the day/night distribution of behavioral triggers, but it is unknown whether the endogenous circadian system contributes to these daily fluctuations. Thus, we tested the hypotheses that the circadian system modulates autonomic, hemodynamic, and hemostatic risk markers at rest, and that behavioral… CONTINUE READING
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