Impact of the antiretroviral treatment program on the burden of hospitalization for culture-confirmed tuberculosis in South African children: a time-series analysis.

@article{Dangor2013ImpactOT,
  title={Impact of the antiretroviral treatment program on the burden of hospitalization for culture-confirmed tuberculosis in South African children: a time-series analysis.},
  author={Ziyaad Dangor and Alane Izu and Kelty Hillier and Fatima Solomon and Natalie C Beylis and David Paul Moore and Marta C Nunes and Shabir A Madhi},
  journal={The Pediatric infectious disease journal},
  year={2013},
  volume={32 9},
  pages={972-7}
}
BACKGROUND The HIV epidemic increased the burden of tuberculosis (TB) in sub-Saharan Africa. We evaluated the impact that scaling-up of the public-funded antiretroviral treatment (ART) program had on incidence of hospitalization for culture-confirmed and overall-TB in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children from 2005 to 2009. METHODS The study was undertaken in Soweto, South Africa, where ART coverage of HIV-infected children increased from 43% in 2005 to 84% by 2009. Trends in incidence of… CONTINUE READING
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