Impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation on Middle Eastern Climate and Streamflow

  title={Impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation on Middle Eastern Climate and Streamflow},
  author={Heidi M. Cullen and Alexey Kaplan and Phillip A. Arkin and Peter B. deMenocal},
  journal={Climatic Change},
Interannual to decadal variations in Middle Eastern temperature, precipitationand streamflow reflect the far-field influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), a dominant mode of Atlantic sector climate variability. Using a new sea surface temperature (SST) based index of the NAO and availablestreamflow data from five Middle Eastern rivers, we show that the first principal component of December through March streamflow variability reflects changes in the NAO. However, Middle East rivers… 
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Large-Scale Climate Variability and Connections with the Middle East in Past Centuries
  • M. Mann
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2002
We analyze reconstructions of large-scale surface temperature patterns in past centuries for insights into long-term climate change in the Middle and Near East. The temperature reconstructions, which