Impact of the Late Glacial Eruption of the Laacher See Volcano, Central Rhineland, Germany

@article{Baales2002ImpactOT,
  title={Impact of the Late Glacial Eruption of the Laacher See Volcano, Central Rhineland, Germany},
  author={Michael Baales and Olaf J{\"o}ris and Martin Street and Felix Bittmann and Bernhard Weninger and Julian Wiethold},
  journal={Quaternary Research},
  year={2002},
  volume={58},
  pages={273 - 288}
}
Abstract Within a period of a few weeks toward the end of the Allerød Interstadial, the major Plinian eruption of the Laacher See volcano produced some 20 km3 of eruptiva, covering and preserving the late-glacial landscape in the German Central Rhineland over an area of more than 1000 km2. Correlation of terrestrial archives with the Greenland ice-core records and improved calibration of the radiocarbon timescale permit a precise, accurate age determination of the Laacher See event some 200 yr… 

Precise date for the Laacher See eruption synchronizes the Younger Dryas.

TLDR
Dendrochronological and radiocarbon measurements of subfossil trees that were buried by pyroclastic deposits firmly date the Laacher See eruption to 13,006 ± 9 calibrated years before present (BP; taken as AD 1950), which is more than a century earlier than previously accepted.

Reconstruction of the Allerød vegetation of the Neuwied Basin, western Germany, and its surroundings at 12,900 cal b.p.

During the late-glacial eruption of the Laacher See volcano 12,900 b.p. the whole area of the Neuwied Basin, middle Rhine region, was covered by several metres of the Laacher See Tephra (LST)

Towards a dendrochronologically refined date of the Laacher See eruption around 13,000 years ago

Multiproxy Analyses of Stratigraphy and Palaeoenvironment of the Late Palaeolithic Grabow Floodplain Site, Northern Germany

Changing river courses and fluctuations of the water table were some of the most fundamental environmental changes that humans faced during the Late Glacial, particularly as these changes affected

Cosmic-Impact Event in Lake Sediments from Central Europe Postdates the Laacher See Eruption and Marks Onset of the Younger Dryas

The Younger Dryas (YD) climate episode (∼12,850–11,650 calendar years before present [cal BP]) is an event recorded widely across the Northern Hemisphere. We conducted multiple analyses at high

Paleohydrology of Volcanogenic Lake Break-Out Floods in the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand

Volcanically active regions, like the Taupo Volcanic Zone (TVZ) in the central North Island of New Zealand, are an ideal environment for the temporary impoundment of surface water because of the
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 103 REFERENCES

Irregular glacial interstadials recorded in a new Greenland ice core

THE Greenland ice sheet offers the most favourable conditions in the Northern Hemisphere for obtaining high-resolution continuous time series of climate-related parameters. Profiles of 18O/<16O ratio

Abrupt increase in Greenland snow accumulation at the end of the Younger Dryas event

THE warming at the end of the last glaciation was characterized by a series of abrupt returns to glacial climate, the best-known of which is the Younger Dryas event1. Despite much study of the causes

The impact of the Laacher See Volcano (11 000 yr B.P.) on terrestrial vegetation and diatoms

Late-glacial lake sediments containing the Laacher See Tephra (LST, 11 000 yr B.P.) have been analyzed for their pollen and diatom content at three sites at varying distances from the volcano and on

The δ18O record along the Greenland Ice Core Project deep ice core and the problem of possible Eemian climatic instability

Over 70,000 samples from the 3029-m-long Greenland Ice Core Project (GRIP) ice core drilled on the top of the Greenland Ice Sheet (Summit) have been analyzed for δ8O. A highly detailed and continuous

Late-glacial and Holocene vegetation history and dynamics as shown by pollen and plant macrofossil analyses in annually laminated sediments from Soppensee, central Switzerland

  • A. Lotter
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1999
The palynostratigraphy of two sediment cores from Soppensee, Central Switzerland (596 m asl) was correlated with nine regional pollen assemblage zones defined for the Swiss Plateau. This

Late‐glacial climatic oscillations as recorded in Swiss lake sediments

Regional pollen assemblage zones for the late-glacial period of the Swiss Plateau are introduced and defined. They include four major zones (Artemisia, Juniperus—Hippophae, Betula, Pinus PAZ) with

A 110,000-Yr Record of Explosive Volcanism from the GISP2 (Greenland) Ice Core

Abstract The time series of volcanically produced sulfate from the GISP2 ice core is used to develop a continuous record of explosive volcanism over the past 110,000 yr. We identified ∼850 volcanic

Laacher See Tephra: A widespread isochronous late Quaternary tephra layer in central and northern Europe

A late Quaternary tephra layer, widespread in central and northern Europe, resulted from explosive Plinian and phreatomagmatic eruptions of the Laacher See Volcano 11,000 yr B.P. The tephra is

Bio- and chronostratigraphy of the lateglacial in the Eifel region, Germany

...