Impact of stepwise hyperventilation on cerebral tissue oxygen saturation in anesthetized patients: a mechanistic study.

Abstract

BACKGROUND While the decrease in blood carbon dioxide (CO2 ) secondary to hyperventilation is generally accepted to play a major role in the decrease of cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (SctO2 ), it remains unclear if the associated systemic hemodynamic changes are also accountable. METHODS Twenty-six patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II) undergoing nonneurosurgical procedures were anesthetized with either propofol-remifentanil (n = 13) or sevoflurane (n = 13). During a stable intraoperative period, ventilation was adjusted stepwise from hypoventilation to hyperventilation to achieve a progressive change in end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2 ) from 55 to 25 mmHg. Minute ventilation, SctO2 , ETCO2 , mean arterial pressure (MAP), and cardiac output (CO) were recorded. RESULTS Hyperventilation led to a SctO2 decrease from 78 ± 4% to 69 ± 5% (Δ = -9 ± 4%, P < 0.001) in the propofol-remifentanil group and from 81 ± 5% to 71 ± 7% (Δ = -10 ± 3%, P < 0.001) in the sevoflurane group. The decreases in SctO2 were not statistically different between these two groups (P = 0.5). SctO2 correlated significantly with ETCO2 in both groups (P < 0.001). SctO2 also correlated significantly with MAP (P < 0.001) and CO (P < 0.001) during propofol-remifentanil, but not sevoflurane (P = 0.4 and 0.5), anesthesia. CONCLUSION The main mechanism responsible for the hyperventilation-induced decrease in SctO2 is hypocapnia during both propofol-remifentanil and sevoflurane anesthesia. Hyperventilation-associated increase in MAP and decrease in CO during propofol-remifentanil, but not sevoflurane, anesthesia may also contribute to the decrease in SctO2 but to a much smaller degree.

DOI: 10.1111/aas.12054

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Cite this paper

@article{Alexander2013ImpactOS, title={Impact of stepwise hyperventilation on cerebral tissue oxygen saturation in anesthetized patients: a mechanistic study.}, author={Brenton S Alexander and Adrian W. Gelb and William W. Mantulin and Albert E. Cerussi and Bruce J. Tromberg and Zhiyuan Yu and Chee Khoon Lee and Lingzhong Meng}, journal={Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica}, year={2013}, volume={57 5}, pages={604-12} }