Impact of smoking on the response to treatment of thyroid associated ophthalmopathy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND In patients with Graves' disease, smoking considerably increases the incidence and severity of thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). The authors sought to determine if smoking also influences the course of TAO during treatment, and the efficacy of therapy. METHODS 41 smokers and 19 non-smokers with moderate untreated TAO were included in… (More)

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Cite this paper

@article{Eckstein2003ImpactOS, title={Impact of smoking on the response to treatment of thyroid associated ophthalmopathy.}, author={Anja Katrin Eckstein and Beate Quadbeck and Gregory P Mueller and Albert Wolfgang Rettenmeier and Romed H{\"o}rmann and Katherine M Mann and P K Steuhl and J. Esser}, journal={The British journal of ophthalmology}, year={2003}, volume={87 6}, pages={773-6} }