Impact of shockwave lithotripsy on upper urinary tract calculi.

  title={Impact of shockwave lithotripsy on upper urinary tract calculi.},
  author={Richard Riehle and Erik N{\"a}slund and William R. Fair and Edwin Darracott Vaughan},
  volume={28 4},
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) currently is performed in selected urologic centers to treat over 80 per cent of patients with symptomatic upper urinary tract calculi. This noninvasive technique utilizing shockwaves to disintegrate stones into sand-sized particles allows the patient to pass the particles with spontaneous urination and replaces most surgery or percutaneous endoscopy for stone removal. However, stone-free success rates must be individualized depending on stone… CONTINUE READING