Impact of sexual abuse on children: a review and synthesis of recent empirical studies.

@article{KendallTackett1993ImpactOS,
  title={Impact of sexual abuse on children: a review and synthesis of recent empirical studies.},
  author={K. Kendall-Tackett and L. Williams and D. Finkelhor},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  year={1993},
  volume={113 1},
  pages={
          164-80
        }
}
A review of 45 studies clearly demonstrated that sexually abused children had more symptoms than nonabused children, with abuse accounting for 15-45% of the variance. Fears, posttraumatic stress disorder, behavior problems, sexualized behaviors, and poor self-esteem occurred most frequently among a long list of symptoms noted, but no one symptom characterized a majority of sexually abused children. Some symptoms were specific to certain ages, and approximately one third of victims had no… Expand
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References

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Two hundred and forty sexual abuse victims under 18 years of age were compared to 57 nonabused children on indices reflecting school, social, and behavioral adjustment, sexual conduct, and familyExpand
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TLDR
Given the broad range of outcome among sexual abuse victims, as well as the methodological weaknesses present in many of the studies reviewed, it is not possible at this time to postulate the existence of a "post-sexual-abuse-syndrome" with a specific course or outcome. Expand
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TLDR
Results of this study are largely inconsistent with popular notions about the nature of child sexual abuse. Expand
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TLDR
The type of abuse and type of assailant did not significantly affect the frequency of reported somatic and emotional reactions, and there was no difference in the occurrence of school problems and early pregnancy between sexually abused patients and controls. Expand
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TLDR
There is insufficient evidence to confirm a relation between a history of childhood sexual abuse and a postsexual abuse syndrome and multiple or borderline personality disorder, but force and threat of force may be a necessary concomitant. Expand
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The impact of childhood sexual abuse is conceptualized as a post-traumatic stress disorder, and a study supporting this formulation is presented. Analyses included 71 sexually abused children andExpand
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TLDR
No relationship was observed between the time lapsed since last abusive episode and the development of PTSD, and the CBCL detected group differences, with PTSD children exhibiting significantly more symptoms of externalizing and internalizing behaviors. Expand
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TLDR
The author suggests that child mental health professionals should improve their skills for identifying sexually abused children and help parents to be supportive of such children. Expand
Psychological symptoms in sexually abused girls.
TLDR
Results showed a marked discrepancy between child and parent reports of symptoms, and abused children did not exhibit significant depressive, anxiety, or low self-esteem symptoms by self-report; however, their parents rated them as having significantly more behavioral problems than a normative sample but as somewhat less pathological than a clinical sample. Expand
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TLDR
Sexually abused children exhibited significantly higher rates of inappropriate sexual behaviors than either the physically abused or nonabused children and both the sexually abused and physically abused groups showed a tendency to exhibit more avoidant/dissociative symptoms as compared to the nonabusing children. Expand
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