Impact of radical prostatectomy and TURP on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal hormone axis.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To assess the impact of prostate cancer (PCa) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) on the hypothalamic-pituitary hormone axis, we determined the endocrine changes after radical prostatectomy (RP) and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for BPH and in a group of men with BPH followed up conservatively. METHODS Patients with PCa before RP (n = 49), those who underwent TURP for BPH (n = 51), and men with lower urinary tract symptoms for whom a wait-and-see strategy was chosen (n = 46) were included. Serum levels of total testosterone, luteinizing hormone, and follicle-stimulating hormone were determined at baseline and 6 and 12 months later in all patients. RESULTS No significant endocrine changes were observed in the wait-and-see and TURP groups 6 and 12 months after baseline. In contrast, luteinizing hormone increased from 5.2 to 8.9 mIU/mL (P = 0.0004) and follicle-stimulating hormone from 5.7 to 9.3 mIU/mL (P = 0.0003) 12 months after RP. The rise of total testosterone from 3.9 to 4.4 ng/mL failed to reach statistical significance (P = 0.18). Patients with Gleason score 2 to 6 PCa had higher testosterone values (4.2 ng/mL) at baseline than did those with Gleason score 7 to 10 PCa (2.2 ng/mL, P < 0.05). Although 12 months after RP no changes in testosterone were observed in the low Gleason score group, the testosterone levels more than doubled in those with high-grade tumors. The increases in luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone at 12 months, however, were comparable in both groups. CONCLUSIONS Our findings suggest a significant impact of PCa on the hypothalamic-pituitary axis that is more profound in high-grade cancer. Such an effect was not demonstrable for the transition zone in BPH.

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@article{Madersbacher2002ImpactOR, title={Impact of radical prostatectomy and TURP on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal hormone axis.}, author={Stephan Madersbacher and Georg Schatzl and Christian Bieglmayer and Werner J. Reiter and Christa Gassner and Peter B . Berger and Thomas Zidek and Michael J Marberger}, journal={Urology}, year={2002}, volume={60 5}, pages={869-74} }