Impact of prolonged treatment with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole on the human gut flora.

The case of a mentally ill man inadvertently treated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) for 2 y is presented. Quantitative stool cultures revealed a substantially suppressed Gram-negative aerobic flora, while Enterococcus spp. and anaerobes were not affected. Yeasts were moderately increased. TMP-SMX represents an attractive antimicrobial for… CONTINUE READING