Impact of pH on the removal of fluoride, nitrate and boron by nanofiltration/reverse osmosis

@article{Richards2010ImpactOP,
  title={Impact of pH on the removal of fluoride, nitrate and boron by nanofiltration/reverse osmosis},
  author={L. Richards and Marion Vuach{\`e}re and A. Sch{\"a}fer},
  journal={Desalination},
  year={2010},
  volume={261},
  pages={331-337}
}
Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of pH on boron, fluoride, and nitrate retention by comparing modelled speciation predictions with retention using six different nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membranes (BW30, ESPA4, NF90, TFC-S, UTC-60, and UTC-80A). Retention was explained with regard to speciation, membrane properties, and ion properties such as charge, hydrated size, and Gibbs energy of hydration. Flux was independent of pH, indicating that pH did… Expand
Renewable energy powered membrane technology: Impact of pH and ionic strength on fluoride and natural organic matter removal.
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