Impact of pH on the removal of fluoride, nitrate and boron by nanofiltration/reverse osmosis

@inproceedings{Richards2010ImpactOP,
  title={Impact of pH on the removal of fluoride, nitrate and boron by nanofiltration/reverse osmosis},
  author={Laura A Richards and Marion Vuach{\`e}re and Andrea Iris Sch{\"a}fer},
  year={2010}
}
The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of pH on boron, fluoride, and nitrate retention by comparing modelled speciation predictions with retention using six different nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membranes (BW30, ESPA4, NF90, TFC-S, UTC-60, and UTC-80A). Retention was explained with regard to speciation, membrane properties, and ion properties such as charge, hydrated size, and Gibbs energy of hydration. Flux was independent of pH, indicating that pH did not… CONTINUE READING

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