Functional analysis of the stomatognathic system in individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus
- GP da Silva, AA Machado, B Ferreira, PB Vasconcelos, ED Verri, CR Gonçalves
- J Electromyogr Kinesiol
This study evaluated the bite force, electromyographic activity, and mandibular mobility in patients undergoing surgery for facial fracture treatment that required a coronal approach. Ten men were divided into two groups: group I, coronal approach with pre-auricular extension (n=4, average age 34.5 years); group II, coronal approach (n=6, average age 24.8 years). The maximum bite force was measured using a dynamometer and mandibular mobility using a calliper. The electromyographic activity of the right masseter (RM), left masseter (LM), right temporal (RT), and left temporal (LT) muscles was evaluated using a Myosystem-Br1 apparatus. Patients were evaluated at 1, 2, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Data were analysed using the repeated measures test (SPSS 21.0; P≤0.05). Statistically significant differences were found for electromyographic activity at rest (group II: LM P=0.00), left laterality (group I: RT P=0.02; group II: RT P=0.04), and maximum voluntary contraction (group I: RM P=0.04 and RT P=0.04; group II: RM P=0.05, LM P=0.00, and LT P=0.01 and for maximum molar bite force in the right (group I, P=0.00; group II, P=0.01) and left (group II, P=0.01) molar regions. The subjects regained electromyographic activity, maximum bite force, and mandibular mobility throughout the period evaluated.