Impact of maritime security policies on the marine ecosystem

  title={Impact of maritime security policies on the marine ecosystem},
  author={Arnab Das},
  journal={Maritime Affairs: Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India},
  pages={89 - 98}
  • Arnab Das
  • Published 2 July 2016
  • Environmental Science
  • Maritime Affairs: Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India
ABSTRACT The maritime piracy issue drew significant global attention post-2012. The response from the major nations, even those geographically distant from the Indian Ocean Region (IOR), has been highly pro-active. Two important changes that are relevant to this paper are the increased deployment of multi-national naval forces for anti-piracy operations and also re-routing of the shipping lanes closer to the shores. The acoustic impact of these actions was completely ignored but their impact on… 

Acoustic Habitat Degradation Due to Shipping in the Indian Ocean Region

  • Arnab Das
  • Physics
    Changing Ecosystems and Their Services
  • 2020
The Indian Ocean Region (IOR) is strategically emerging as the most important sea area in the twenty-first century and presents itself as a hub for maritime trade. The shipping traffic both due to

Underwater radiated noise: A new perspective in the Indian Ocean region

  • Arnab Das
  • Environmental Science
    Maritime Affairs: Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India
  • 2019
ABSTRACT Underwater Radiated Noise (URN) is an interesting research area both for military as well as non-military applications. The proliferation of submarines particularly by new entrants in the



International Regulation Of Undersea Noise

  • K. Scott
  • Environmental Science
    International and Comparative Law Quarterly
  • 2004
In September 2002 seventeen whales were stranded off the coast of the CanaryIslands at a time when NATO was testing its active sonar system designed to detect silent enemy submarines.1 The suggestion

United Nations Convention on law of the sea

In retrospect, even prior to entry into force of the Convention on Nov. 16, 1994, the Convention has in fact had major impact on the way nations and their constituents conduct activities on, above,

Implications for marine mammals of large-scale changes in the marine acoustic environment

The amount of underwater sound from ship traffic, commercial, research, and military sound sources has increased significantly over the past century, and predictions of when such changes start to lower the fitness of individuals or have negative consequences for the population are few.

Ocean Bioacoustics, Human-Generated Noise and Ocean Policy

While the authors' ongoing “ocean resource” practices may seem necessary for their economic survival, the bulk of the damage done in the sea has occurred only in the last 30 years or so—as the industrial principles of “economies of scale” were applied to ocean harvesting practices.

The impacts of anthropogenic sounds on fishes

The little that is known about the impact of sound on fish behavior and physiology is reviewed, and the usefulness of these data in evaluating theimpact of anthropogenic sounds on marine mammals is discussed.

The effects of man-made noise on the behavior of marine animals

The geostrategic importance of India's island territories and implications for national security

The possession or control of islands away from the mainland typically provides a strategic and economic advantage to a country, as evidenced in current tensions in East Asia over the Senkaku/Diaoyu

Evidence that ship noise increases stress in right whales

Reduced ship traffic in the Bay of Fundy, Canada, following the events of 11 September 2001, resulted in a 6 dB decrease in underwater noise with a significant reduction below 150 Hz, which is the first evidence that exposure to low-frequency ship noise may be associated with chronic stress in whales.

International Regulation of Underwater Noise

introduCtion The ocean is not a quiet place. It is naturally noisy with sounds from physical (wind, waves, rain, ice) and biological sources (whales, dolphins, fish, crustaceans etc.). Anthropogenic

Ship sources of ambient noise

  • D. Ross
  • Physics
    IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering
  • 2005
The rapid increase in world shipping results in an increase in low-frequency ambient noise at an average rate of about 1/2 dB per year. During the past 10 years there has been a virtual revolution in