Impact of inhaled corticosteroid-induced oropharyngeal adverse events: results from a meta-analysis.

BACKGROUND Oropharyngeal adverse events associated with inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) use can affect adherence; however, these effects have been studied less extensively than those that occur systemically. OBJECTIVE To calculate the risk of ICS-induced oral candidiasis, dysphonia, and pharyngitis among currently available therapies and to determine related… CONTINUE READING