Impact of hollow-atom formation on coherent x-ray scattering at high intensity

  title={Impact of hollow-atom formation on coherent x-ray scattering at high intensity},
  author={Sang-Kil Son and Linda Young and Robin Santra},
  journal={Physical Review A},
X-ray free-electron lasers (FELs) are promising tools for structural determination of macromolecules via coherent x-ray scattering. During ultrashort and ultraintense x-ray pulses with an atomic-scale wavelength, samples are subject to radiation damage and possibly become highly ionized, which may influence the quality of x-ray scattering patterns. We develop a toolkit to treat detailed ionization, relaxation, and scattering dynamics for an atom within a consistent theoretical framework. The… 

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