Impact of equity models and statistical measures on interpretations of educational reform

  title={Impact of equity models and statistical measures on interpretations of educational reform},
  author={Idaykis Rodriguez and Eric Brewe and Vashti Sawtelle and Laird H. Kramer},
  journal={Physical Review Special Topics-physics Education Research},
We present three models of equity and show how these, along with the statistical measures used to evaluate results, impact interpretation of equity in education reform. Equity can be defined and interpreted in many ways. Most equity education reform research strives to achieve equity by closing achievement gaps between groups. An example is given by the study by Lorenzo et al. that shows that interactive engagement methods lead to increased gender equity. In this paper, we reexamine the results… 

Tables from this paper

How statistical model development can obscure inequities in STEM student outcomes

Researchers often frame quantitative research as objective, but every step in data collection and analysis can bias findings in often unexamined ways. In this investigation, we examined how the

Integrating Critical Approaches into Quantitative STEM Equity Work

The recent anti-racist movements in the United States have inspired a national call for more research on the experiences of racially marginalized and minoritized students in science, technology,

Characteristics of institutions with Learning Assistant programs: An equity investigation

Learning Assistant (LA) programs support instructors in transforming their courses to use evidence-based instructional strategies. We investigated the types of institutions that have LA programs to

Equity in college physics student learning: A critical quantitative intersectionality investigation

We investigated the intersectional nature of race/racism and gender/sexism in broad scale inequities in physics student learning using a critical quantitative intersectionality. To provide

A QuantCrit investigation of society’s educational debts due to racism, sexism, and classism in biology student learning

We investigated the intersectional relationships between racism, sexism, and classism in inequities in student conceptual knowledge in introductory biology courses using a quantitative critical

Equity Investigation of Attitudinal Shifts in Introductory Physics

We report on seven years of attitudinal data using the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey from University Modeling Instruction (UMI) sections of introductory physics at Florida

Introducing randomization tests via an evaluation of peer-led team learning in undergraduate chemistry courses

The methodological limitations education researchers face in the evaluation of reformed instruction have led to debates as to the evidence advancing evidence-based practices. To conduct more

A QuantCrit investigation of society’s educational debts due to racism and sexism in chemistry student learning

The American Chemical Society holds supporting diverse student populations engaging in chemistry as a core value. We analyzed chemical concept inventory scores from 4,612 students across 12

Comparison of Normalized Gain and Cohen's "d" for Analyzing Gains on Concept Inventories.

Measuring student learning is a complicated but necessary task for understanding the effectiveness of instruction and issues of equity in college STEM courses. Our investigation focused on the

Designing for institutional transformation: Six principles for department-level interventions

Cultivating institutional transformation has been of recent interest in education research. This theoretical paper presents six principles for supporting sustained change efforts at the department



Research Commentary: On Gap Gazing in Mathematics Education: The Need for Gaps Analyses

  • S. Lubienski
  • Education
    Journal for Research in Mathematics Education
  • 2008
Analyses of disparities in students' mathematics experiences and outcomes are an essential part of efforts to promote equity. Scholars concerned about equity should not write off such analyses as

Equity in education

How equality has been redefined in the conservative restoration, Michael W.Apple educational equity and research paradigms, Patricia B.Campbell understanding and measuring equity - a conceptual

Equity Implications Based on the Conceptions of Science Achievement in Major Reform Documents

The construct of science achievement–what K-12 students should know and be able to do in science–is central to science education reform. This paper analyzes current conceptions of science achievement

Seeking effectiveness and equity in a large college chemistry course: an HLM investigation of Peer-Led Guided Inquiry

This study employed hierarchical linear models (HLM) to investigate Peer-Led Guided Inquiry (PLGI), a teaching practice combining cooperative learning and inquiry and tailored for a large class.

Research Commentary: A Gap-Gazing Fetish in Mathematics Education? Problematizing Research on the Achievement Gap

A substantial amount of research in mathematics education seeks to document disparities in achievement between middle-class White students and students who are Black, Latina/Latino, First Nations,

Mapping Equity and Quality in Mathematics Education

Contributors Dedication Preface Part 1 The Theoretical Landscape Chapter 1.1 Disrupting Development as the Quality / Equity Discourse: Cyborgs and Subalterns in School Technoscience Anna Chronaki

Exploring the APA Fifth Edition Publication Manual’s Impact on the Analytic Preferences of Journal Editorial Board Members

This article explores the reporting preferences of editorial board members of the American Education Research Journal,Educational Researcher, Journal of Educational Psychology, and Journal of

The Case Against Statistical Significance Testing, Revisited

AbstractAt present, too many research results in education are blatantly described as significant, when they are in fact trivially small and unimportant. There are several things researchers can do

Reducing the gender gap in the physics classroom

We investigate if the gender gap in conceptual understanding in an introductory university physics course can be reduced by using interactive engagement methods that promote in-class interaction,

Does PER-based Instruction Help Underrepresented Groups Succeed, and How Can It Do So Better? Gender Differences in both Force Concept Inventory and Introductory Physics Performance

We will present data from a decade of introductory calculus-based physics courses for science and engineering students at the University of Minnesota taught using cooperative group problem solving.