Impact of elevated CO2 on shellfish calcification

  title={Impact of elevated CO2 on shellfish calcification},
  author={Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Gazeau and Christophe Quiblier and Jeroen M. Jansen and Jean‐Pierre Gattuso and Jack J. Middelburg and Carlo H. R. Heip},
  journal={Geophysical Research Letters},
Ocean acidification resulting from human emissions of carbon dioxide has already lowered and will further lower surface ocean pH. The consequent decrease in calcium carbonate saturation potentially threatens calcareous marine organisms. Here, we demonstrate that the calcification rates of the edible mussel (Mytilus edulis) and Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) decline linearly with increasing pCO2. Mussel and oyster calcification may decrease by 25 and 10%, respectively, by the end of the… 
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