Impact of diet on breast cancer risk

  title={Impact of diet on breast cancer risk},
  author={Marie Lof and Elisabete Weiderpass},
  journal={Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology},
  • M. Lof, E. Weiderpass
  • Published 1 February 2009
  • Medicine
  • Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Purpose of review Breast cancer is the most common female cancer in Western Europe and North America, and becoming an increasing problem in developing countries such as India and China. We review recent studies (published 1 January 2007–31 August 2008) on the impact of diet on breast cancer risk. Recent findings Recent studies have focused on the controversial association for dietary fat and breast cancer as well as the role of newer aspects such as glycemic index, dietary patterns and diet… 

Diet, obesity and breast cancer: an update.

Healthy dietary patterns, with abstention from alcohol and weight control, reduce the risk of cancer or at least improve the survival of affected women by reducing the incidence of comorbidities.

Fruit, Vegetable, and Animal Food Intake and Breast Cancer Risk by Hormone Receptor Status

The results suggest that high intake of total vegetables, certain fruits, milk, and eggs may reduce the risk of breast cancer, whereas high consumption of animal-source foods may increase risk.

Is There an Association between β-Carotene and Breast Cancer? A Systematic Review on Breast Cancer Risk

The evidence from the included studies confirms that there is an association between β-carotenoids and breast cancer risk; the dietary intake of β- carotenoid may be beneficial in reducing the risk of developing breast cancer.

Dietary patterns and the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer in a German case–control study

A case–control study on postmenopausal breast cancer risk, including incident breast cancer cases diagnosed between 2002 and 2005 in Germany, did not find an association of a “healthy’ or “unhealthy” dietary pattern with post menopausal Breast cancer risk.

Dietary Patterns and Breast Cancer Risk in Korean Women

It is indicated that a diet rich in vegetables and seafood is associated with a decreased breast cancer risk in Korean women.

Nutrition in adult and childhood cancer: role of carcinogens and anti-carcinogens.

Data is reviewed focusing on which dietary factors, including food-borne carcinogens, affect the onset of cancers in adults and stress out the potential role of diet in childhood cancer prevention.

Higher frequency of dairy intake is associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer: Results from a case-control study in Northern and Eastern China

It is indicated that the weekly frequency of dairy intake was inversely associated with the risk of breast cancer among women in Northern and Eastern China.

Mammographic Density and Intake of Selected Nutrients and Vitamins in Norwegian Women

This study provides some evidence of an association between MD and dietary intake and highlights the importance of adequate adjustments for BMI in studies of diet and MD.



Diet and breast cancer

There is no association that is consistent, strong, and statistically significant, with the exception of alcohol intake, overweight, and weight gain, among the prospective epidemiologic studies conducted on diet and breast cancer incidence and gene‐diet interactions.

High folate intake is associated with lower breast cancer incidence in postmenopausal women in the Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort.

A high folate intake was associated with a lower incidence of postmenopausal breast cancer in this cohort of women from the Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort.

Consumption of soy foods and the risk of breast cancer: findings from the Japan Collaborative Cohort (JACC) Study

This prospective study suggests that consumption of soy food has no protective effects against breast cancer, and only among postmenopausal women is this suggested.

Dietary patterns and the risk of breast cancer in Japanese women

The authors found the prudent dietary pattern to be negatively associated with breast cancer risk and the fatty and Japanese patterns may increase breast cancerrisk among obese women.

Nutrient dietary patterns and the risk of breast and ovarian cancers

The starch‐rich pattern is potentially an unfavorable indicator of risk for both breast and ovarian cancers, while the animal products and the vitamins and fiber patterns may be associated with a reduced risk of breast and Ovarian cancers, respectively.

Dietary fat and postmenopausal invasive breast cancer in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study cohort.

In this large prospective cohort with a wide range of fat intake, dietary fat intake was directly associated with the risk of postmenopausal invasive breast cancer.

Plant foods and oestrogen receptor alpha- and beta-defined breast cancer: observations from the Malmo Diet and Cancer cohort.

It is suggested that different plant foods may be differently associated with breast cancer, with fibre-rich bread showing an inverse association, while Fried potatoes were statistically significantly associated with increased risk of ERbeta (-) breast cancer.

Dietary Glycemic Load and Breast Cancer Risk in the Women’s Health Study

The increase in risk in premenopausal women with low levels of physical activity suggests the possibility that the effects of a high glycemic diet may be modified by lifestyle and hormonal factors.

Dietary phytoestrogens are not associated with risk of overall breast cancer but diets rich in coumestrol are inversely associated with risk of estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor negative breast tumors in Swedish women.

It is found that there is no association between intake of isoflavonoids or lignans and breast cancer risk, and the results could be due to chance because of the low intake.

Dietary Vitamin D and Calcium Intake and Premenopausal Breast Cancer Risk in a German Case-Control Study

The data support a protective effect of dietary vitamin D on premenopausal breast cancer risk independent of dietary calcium intake, and no statistically significant interaction between the 2 nutrients was observed.