Impact of chronic kidney disease and anemia on hospitalization expense in patients with left ventricular dysfunction.

Abstract

To estimate the independent effects of kidney disease, anemia, and the treatment effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors on hospitalization cost in patients with heart failure, we used data from the prevention and treatment trials of the Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction trial and retrospectively estimated the relative effects of… (More)

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Cite this paper

@article{Gregory2003ImpactOC, title={Impact of chronic kidney disease and anemia on hospitalization expense in patients with left ventricular dysfunction.}, author={Douglas D Gregory and Mark J. Sarnak and Marvin A. Konstam and Brian Pereira and Deeb N. Salem}, journal={The American journal of cardiology}, year={2003}, volume={92 11}, pages={1300-5} }