Impact of childhood exposure to a natural disaster on adult mental health: 20-year longitudinal follow-up study

@article{McFarlane2009ImpactOC,
  title={Impact of childhood exposure to a natural disaster on adult mental health: 20-year longitudinal follow-up study},
  author={Alexander C. McFarlane and Miranda L. van Hooff},
  journal={British Journal of Psychiatry},
  year={2009},
  volume={195},
  pages={142 - 148}
}
Background Studies examining the impact of childhood disaster exposure on the development of adult psychopathology report increased rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other psychopathology. Aims To examine the rates of PTSD and other lifetime DSM–IV disorders in adults exposed to an Australian bushfire disaster as children in 1983 using a matched control sample recruited at the time of the original study. Method A total of 1011 adults recruited from an original sample of 1531… 
Long-Term Mental Health Among Low-Income, Minority Women Following Exposure to Multiple Natural Disasters in Early and Late Adolescence Compared to Adulthood
TLDR
Younger age at the time of a natural disaster may confer a protective effect on mental health outcomes post-disaster, even when disaster experiences are considered, potentially representing the importance of parental support and cognitive development on disaster effects.
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TLDR
The empirical findings summarized in this review highlight the importance of psychosocial intervention at early postdisaster stages for child and adolescent survivors and indicate the need for continued attempts to better understand the epidemiology and trajectory of psychopathological problems among youthful survivors.
Impact of a major disaster on the mental health of a well-studied cohort.
TLDR
Following extensive control for prospectively measured confounding factors, exposure to the Canterbury earthquakes was associated with a small to moderate increase in the risk for common mental health problems.
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TLDR
The negative psychological impact on children and adolescents can still be present eight years post-disaster and seems to have association with the type of exposure; loss, physical presence and subjective experience.
The Effects of Maternal Disaster Exposure on Adolescent Mental Health 12 Years Later.
Natural disasters adversely impact children's mental health, with increased parent or child exposure and subsequent parental distress predicting poorer outcomes. It remains unknown, however, whether
POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER IN CHILDREN FOLLOWING NATURAL DISASTERS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF THE LONG-TERM FOLLOW-UP STUDIES
The objective of this article was to conduct a systematic review of long-term follow-up studies on Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms in children and adolescents. The MEDLINE and PsycINFO
Mental Health Outcomes and Predictors of Chronic Disorders After the North Sea Oil Rig Disaster: 27-Year Longitudinal Follow-Up Study
TLDR
Findings from this study suggest that increased risk of psychopathology persists 27 years after disaster, and both disaster exposure and vulnerable personality are important predictors of chronic psychopathology.
Sixteen-year follow-up of childhood avalanche survivors
TLDR
PTSD symptoms following avalanche exposure during childhood were associated with poorer socioeconomic status in adulthood, which underscores the importance of strengthening children's support systems in the aftermath of disasters.
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