Impact of artificial "gummy" fingers on fingerprint systems

  title={Impact of artificial "gummy" fingers on fingerprint systems},
  author={Tsutomu Matsumoto and Hiroyuki Matsumoto and Koji Yamada and Satoshi Hoshino},
  booktitle={IS\&T/SPIE Electronic Imaging},
Potential threats caused by something like real fingers, which are called fake or artificial fingers, should be crucial for authentication based on fingerprint systems. [] Key Method We have used the molds, which we made by pressing our live fingers against them or by processing fingerprint images from prints on glass surfaces, etc. We describe how to make the molds, and then show that the gummy fingers, which are made with these molds, can fool the fingerprint devices.
Fingerprint Authentication Device Based on Optical Characteristics Inside a Finger
  • E. Sano, T. Maeda, K. Sasakawa
  • Computer Science
    2006 Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshop (CVPRW'06)
  • 2006
This paper developed a new fingerprint authentication device that has a novel sensing principle that forms a image of fingerprint pattern based on optical characteristics of a finger’s interior by scattered transmission light and describes the sensing principle and process algorithm of this device.
Novel methods for fingerprints image analysis detect fake fingers
A software-based approach analyzes the patterns in a fingerprint image relating to measurable characteristics that differ between spoof materials and live fingers and focuses on the perspiration pattern along fingerprint ridges and the noise pattern along valleys.
Attack Potential Evaluation in Desktop and Smartphone Fingerprint Sensors: Can They Be Attacked by Anyone?
This paper evaluated 4 desktop fingerprint sensors of different technologies by attacking them with 7 different fake finger materials, and gathered 15 simulated attackers with no background in biometrics to create fake fingers of several materials.
A Survey on Antispoofing Schemes for Fingerprint Recognition Systems
The literature is reviewed and the state of the art in fingerprint antispoofing is presented, which includes several countermeasures that discriminate between live fingerprints and spoof artifacts.
On the Robustness of Fingerprint Liveness Detection Algorithms against New Materials used for Spoofing
This paper looks at the cases where the test spoof finger is made by employing a material new for the fingerprint sensor and proposes an experimental comparison among the current fingerprint liveness detection approaches accomplished by adopting materials for training different than those used for testing.
Analysis of the attack potential in low cost spoofing of fingerprints
This paper will provide the results achieved, as well as an analysis on the attack potential of this kind of biometric implementations, following the metrics of the standard ISO/IEC 30107-3.
Sppof-proofing fingerprint systems using evolutionary time-delay neural networks
  • R. Derakhshani
  • Computer Science
    CIHSPS 2005. Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence for Homeland Security and Personal Safety, 2005.
  • 2005
A new general evolutionary temporal neural network (GETnet) for perspiration-based liveness detection is proposed and it is shown that GETnet can arrive at a succinct solution that performs both feature extraction and classification on the raw fingerprint ridge signals.
Fake finger detection by skin distortion analysis
The experimental results indicate the new approach for discriminating fake fingers from real ones, based on the analysis of skin distortion, to be a very promising technique for making fingerprint recognition systems more robust against fake-finger-based spoofing attempts.
Fingerprint Liveness Detection Based on Fake Finger Characteristics
The authors propose and motivate the use of a novel kind of features exploiting characteristics noticed in the reproduction of fake fingers, that they named fake-based features, and propose a possibile implementation of this type of features based on the power spectrum of the fingerprint image.
On the Interoperability of Capture Devices in Fingerprint Presentation Attacks Detection
This paper is a first attempt to assess at which extent the sensor interoperability can be an issue for fingerprint PADs and to eventually propose a solution to this limitation.


Biometrical Fingerprint Recognition: Don't Get Your Fingers Burned
This article shows how all currently available fingerprint scanners can be fooled by dummies that are created with very limited means and skills, specifically verification based on fingerprints.
Smartcard Based Authentication
This chapter proposes a new method of remote authentication that combines the security of a smartcard with the accuracy and convenience of biometrics to authenticate the identity of a person and the need to access a large biometric database is eliminated.
Fingerprint recognition based on silicon chips
Fingerprint structure imaging based on an ultrasound camera
The design of an ultrasound camera which has a resolution of 0.1mm is described, which allows the observation of the near surface structures of solid objects and is suitable for the finger ridge pattern imaging.
Fingerprint Science: How to Roll, Classify, File, and Use Fingerprints
This book discusses problems and practices in Fingerprinting the Dead, and techniques for taking good Fingerprints, and proper Procedure for Taking Major Case Prints.
A single-chip fingerprint sensor and identifier
A chip architecture that integrates a fingerprint sensor and an identifier in a single chip is proposed. The fingerprint identifier is formed by an array of pixels, and each pixel contains a sensing
Real-time fingerprint sensor using a hologram.
Since the sensor uses a plane-parallel plate, all the optical paths from each point of a fingerprint to the hologram are equal, and a bright fingerprint can be created without the trapezoidal distortion that is inherent in conventional prism-type sensors.
A low-power and high-performance CMOS fingerprint sensing and encoding architecture
A capacitive fingerprint sensor array with pixel-parallel cellular logic in CMOS is presented. The system acquires a binary fingerprint image and performs several image processing algorithms,
Prism fingerprint sensor that uses a holographic optical element.
A prism fingerprint sensor is described that uses a holographic grating glued to a right-angled prism to correct the distortion usually present with prism sensors.
An Introduction to Biometrics, in Chip Card: Trump Card? Consequences for investigation and prosecution 2nd Edition, Knopjs, F
  • and Lakeman, P. J. eds., Politie, Amsterdam
  • 1999