Impact of State-Level Changes on Maternal Mortality: A Population-Based, Quasi-Experimental Study.

  title={Impact of State-Level Changes on Maternal Mortality: A Population-Based, Quasi-Experimental Study.},
  author={Summer Sherburne Hawkins and Marco Ghiani and Sam Harper and Christopher F. Baum and Jay S. Kaufman},
  journal={American journal of preventive medicine},
A Systematic Policy Review of Black Maternal Health-Related Policies Proposed Federally and in Massachusetts: 2010–2020
Although half of national policies proposed showed positive impact on health equity, shedding light on the work the U.S. is doing on a federal level to confront the Black maternal health crisis, only two policies made it to law, only one of which addressed racial disparities directly and had a positive impacton health equity.
Gendered Racism on the Body: An Intersectional Approach to Maternal Mortality in the United States
Scholars recognize sex and race as social determinants of health. However, demography research often ignores their derivatives (racism and sexism) and their contribution to racial inequality in
Racial/ethnic and educational inequities in restrictive abortion policy variation and adverse birth outcomes in the United States
Black individuals at all educational levels and those with fewer years of education disproportionately experienced adverse birth outcomes associated with restrictive abortion policies, demonstrating that Restrictive abortion policies may compound existing racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and intersecting racial/ ethnic and socioeconomic perinatal and infant health inequities.
U.S. Maternal Mortality Within a Global Context: Historical Trends, Current State, and Future Directions
In the United States, despite significant investment and the efforts of multiple maternal health stakeholders, maternal mortality (MM) has reemerged since 1987 and MM disparity has persisted since
State–Level Sexism and Gender Disparities in Health Care Access and Quality in the United States
Results show that higher state-level sexism is associated with greater inability to access needed health care and more barriers to affording care for women but not for men, and implicate state- level sexism in perpetuating gender disparities in health care.
Social and Structural Determinants of Health Inequities in Maternal Health
It is hypothesize that the addition of structural determinants and root causes will identify racism as a cause of inequities in maternal health outcomes, as many of the social and political structures and policies in the United States were born out of racism, classism, and gender oppression.
Impact of abortion law reforms on health services and health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review.
Legislative reforms from highly restrictive to relatively liberal abortion law reforms were associated with reductions in fertility, particularly among women from 20 to 34 years of age, as well as lower maternal mortality.


Recent Increases in the U.S. Maternal Mortality Rate: Disentangling Trends From Measurement Issues
Despite the United Nations Millennium Development Goal for a 75% reduction in maternal mortality by 2015, the estimated maternal mortality rate for 48 states and Washington, DC, increased from 2000 to 2014; the international trend was in the opposite direction.
Trends in Texas maternal mortality by maternal age, race/ethnicity, and cause of death, 2006‐2015
The observed increase in maternal mortality in Texas from 2006-2010 to 2011-2015 is likely a result of both a true increase in rates and increased overreporting of maternal deaths, as indicated by implausibly high and increasing rates for women aged ≥40 years and among nonspecific causes of death.
Trends in Maternal Mortality by Sociodemographic Characteristics and Cause of Death in 27 States and the District of Columbia.
Maternal mortality rates for women 40 years or older and for nonspecific causes of death were implausibly high and increased rapidly, suggesting possible overreporting of maternal deaths, which appears to be increasing in the United States.
Factors Underlying the Temporal Increase in Maternal Mortality in the United States.
Recent increases in maternal mortality ratios in the United States are likely an artifact of improvements in surveillance and highlight past underestimation of maternal death, even in countries with good systems for civil registration and vital statistics.
The failure of United States maternal mortality reporting and its impact on women's lives.
For the past decade, the data system has been unable to supply accurate estimates of United States maternal mortality as a result of problems in both reporting and coding of the data.
Pregnancy-Related Mortality in the United States, 2006–2010
Pregnancy-related mortality ratios increased with maternal age for all women and within all age groups, non-Hispanic black women had the highest risk of dying from pregnancy complications, and the increasing contribution of chronic diseases to pregnancy- related mortality suggests a change in risk profile of the birthing population.
Births: Final Data for 2015.
This report presents 2015 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics, including maternal age, live-birth order, race and Hispanic origin, marital status, attendant at birth, method of delivery, period of gestation, birthweight, and plurality.
Maternal mortality and related concepts.
  • D. Hoyert
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Vital & health statistics. Series 3, Analytical and epidemiological studies
  • 2007
Maternal deaths increased with the introduction of the ICD-10 and with changes associated with the addition of a separate pregnancy status question on the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death, which may result in better identification of maternal deaths.
Declines in Unintended Pregnancy in the United States, 2008-2011.
The rate of unintended pregnancy in the United States declined substantially between 2008 and 2011, but unintended pregnancies remained most common among women and girls who were poor and those who were cohabiting.
Identifying Maternal Deaths in Texas Using an Enhanced Method, 2012.
Relying solely on obstetric codes for identifying maternal deaths appears to be insufficient and can lead to inaccurate maternal mortality ratios, so a method enhanced with data matching and record review yields more accurate ratios.