Impact of Smoking on Fracture Healing and Risk of Complications in Limb-Threatening Open Tibia Fractures

@article{Castillo2005ImpactOS,
  title={Impact of Smoking on Fracture Healing and Risk of Complications in Limb-Threatening Open Tibia Fractures},
  author={R. Castillo and M. Bosse and E. Mackenzie and B. Patterson},
  journal={Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma},
  year={2005},
  volume={19},
  pages={151-157}
}
Objectives: Current data show smoking is associated with a number of complications of the fracture healing process. A concern, however, is the potential confounding effect of covariates associated with smoking. The present study is the first to prospectively examine time to union, as well as major complications of the fracture healing process, while adjusting for potential confounders. Setting: Eight Level I trauma centers. Patients: Patients with unilateral open tibia fractures were divided… Expand
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