Impact of Opioid and Nonopioid Drugs on Postsurgical Pain Management in the Rat

Abstract

Aim. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or opioids are commonly used to control surgical pain following veterinary and clinical procedures. This study evaluated the efficacy of postoperative ketorolac or buprenorphine following abdominal surgery. Main Methods. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate, animal activity, corticosterone levels, and a… (More)
DOI: 10.1155/2016/8364762

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