Impact of Event Scale: A Measure of Subjective Stress

  title={Impact of Event Scale: A Measure of Subjective Stress},
  author={Mardi Jon Horowitz and Nancy Wilner and William F. Alvarez},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
&NA; Clinical, field, and experimental studies of response to potentially stressful life events give concordant findings: there is a general human tendency to undergo episodes of intrusive thinking and periods of avoidance. A scale of current subjective distress, related to a specific event, was based on a list of items composed of commonly reported experiences of intrusion and avoidance. Responses of 66 persons admitted to an outpatient clinic for the treatment of stress response syndromes… 

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  • Psychology
    Hospital & community psychiatry
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In this review of stress-response syndromes, the author outlines those phases, discusses the DSM-III diagnoses for stress- response disorders, and considers the mutual etiologic effects of stressful life events, psychiatric Disorders, and preexisting conflicts or functional deficits.

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    Journal of traumatic stress
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The psychometric properties of the Impact of Event Scale are satisfactory (although not as a PTSD diagnostic measure) and that continued use of the IES as a measure of intrusive and avoidant processes is warranted.

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The IES-R can be used in the Chilean population to assess the degree of suffering produced by a traumatic event and had adequate psychometric properties in terms of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent and discriminating validity.

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The Impact of Event Scale--Revised (IES-R) is an easy-to-administer questionnaire used to evaluate the degree of distress a patient feels in response to trauma.

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Limited support was obtained for the hypotheses that the course of depression would be related to theactivation of negative memories, and that immediate life events would trigger the activation of memories of similar events from the past.

Alexithymia as a predictor of treatment response in post‐traumatic stress disorder

Low alexithymia on the APRQ significantly predicted improvement on the avoidance items of the Impact of Events Scale (IES) particularly among patients treated with placebo, but was not associated with changes in the intrusion items ofthe scale.

Impact of Event Scale: psychometric properties.

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  • Psychology, Medicine
    The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science
  • 2002
The results indicated that the IES's two-factor structure is stable over different types of events, that it can discriminate between stress reactions at different times after the event, and that it has convergent validity with observer-diagnosed post-traumatic stress disorder.

The Impact of Event Scale - Revised (IES-R).

Elder adults should be considered a high risk group following a disaster or specific traumatic event because of age-related changes and associated disease processes, stress reaction in older adults may lead to a deterioration of function and a worsening of existing conditions.



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The signs and symptoms of response to a stressful life event are expressed in two predominant phases: the intrusive state, characterized by unbidden ideas and feelings and even compulsive actions,

Life Event Questionnaires for Measuring Presumptive Stress

This article provides both short and long life events questionnaires that add to incidence information the remoteness or recency in time of a given experience, in the weight assignment system that leads to a single presumptive stress score.

Symptomatology and management of acute grief

The points to be made in this paper are as follows: i.

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