Impact of Avian Influenza on Village Poultry Production Globally

@article{Alders2013ImpactOA,
  title={Impact of Avian Influenza on Village Poultry Production Globally},
  author={Robyn G. Alders and Joseph A. Awuni and Brigitte Bagnol and Penny C Farrell and N. de Haan},
  journal={EcoHealth},
  year={2013},
  volume={11},
  pages={63-72}
}
Village poultry and their owners were frequently implicated in disease transmission in the early days of the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 pandemic. With improved understanding of the epidemiology of the disease, it was recognized that village poultry raised under extensive conditions pose less of a threat than intensively raised poultry of homogeneous genetic stock with poor biosecurity. This paper provides an overview of village poultry production and the multiple ways that… 
Investigation into the role of live bird markets in the transmission and spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Bali and Lombok, Indonesia
TLDR
The findings of this study enabled rating of each of the 17 LBMs in terms of transmission potential and potential spread of HPAI viruses, which will allow authorities to focus efforts where limited resources would have the greatest impact, of vital importance in low resource settings.
Awareness and mitigation measures on highly pathogenic avian influenza in pastoral poultry flocks of North‐central Nigeria: any challenging gap?
TLDR
Education of pastoralists on HPAI virus infection, specifically on information about clinical signs of avian influenza in birds, transmission dynamics among different species of birds, flyways of migrating wild birds and adequate mitigation measures are recommended.
Detection of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Sekong Province Lao PDR 2018-Potential for improved surveillance and management in endemic regions.
TLDR
It is observed that high mortality of chickens is perceived by locals as a new 'normal' in raising poultry; this sense of it being ' normal' is a disincentive to reporting of mortality events, which could reduce mass-mortality event frequency, improve veterinary-producer relationships and increase the likelihood that mortality events are reported.
Control of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Quang Tri province, Vietnam: voices from the human-animal interface.
TLDR
This qualitative research study provided an important insight for in-country policy makers and international stakeholders that there was extensive room for improvement in Quang Tri province regarding access to the HPAI vaccine, essential medical equipment for animal use, and available financial support.
The Dynamics of Avian Influenza: Individual-Based Model with Intervention Strategies in Traditional Trade Networks in Phitsanulok Province, Thailand
TLDR
The results suggest that good hygiene and cleanliness among household traders and trader of trader areas and ensuring that any equipment used is clean can lead to a decrease in transmission and final epidemic size.
A Qualitative Stakeholder Analysis of Avian Influenza Policy in Bangladesh
TLDR
This study specifically aimed to identify the future policy options to prevent and control avian influenza and other poultry-related zoonotic diseases in Bangladesh and recommended that the policy should be based on the One Health concept, be evidence-based, sustainable, reviewed and updated as necessary.
Biosecurity survey in relation to the risk of HPAI outbreaks in backyard poultry holdings in Thimphu city area, Bhutan
TLDR
The importance of educating poultry keepers to improve the housing and management systems of poultry farming within the backyard holdings in the Thimphu city area in order to prevent future disease outbreaks is highlighted.
Informal inter-island poultry movement in Indonesia: does it pose a risk to HPAI H5N1 transmission?
TLDR
Although informal illegal movement of poultry in Indonesia poses a potentially high risk for potential HPAI H5N1 transmission if birds are infected, much can be done to increase surveillance, encourage reporting of sick birds, educate traders about the risks and provide effective quarantine within an appropriate cultural framework.
Avian Influenza from an Ecohealth Perspective
TLDR
This forum piece seeks to bring together these aspects through a review of recent outbreaks and how a deeper understanding of all three aspects, the virus, the host and the environment, can help us better manage future outbreaks.
Immune response following Newcastle disease immunization and growth performance of kuroiler, broiler and local Tanzanian chickens
TLDR
The present findings contribute to on-going work in understanding chicken immune responses against NDV and inform breeding programs designed for developing chickens with increased resistance to NDV.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 47 REFERENCES
Village poultry: still important to millions, eight thousand years after domestication
Village poultry make a significant contribution to poverty alleviation and household food security in many developing countries. This contribution by village poultry to livelihoods can also support
The challenge of avian influenza to the veterinary community
TLDR
The present paper aims to identify areas of knowledge of veterinary competence that need to be improved in order to generate information to support the global AI crisis, and highlights the major changes in AI legislation, including regulations related to trade.
Fowl play: The poultry industry's central role in the bird flu crisis
Backyard or free-range poultry are not fuelling the current wave of bird flu outbreaks stalking large parts of the world. The deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu is essentially a problem of industrial
The epidemiology of Newcastle Disease in village chickens
TLDR
Control is possible, but this requires efficient applications of vaccines, and rigorous biosecurity, and suitable vaccines seem to be the only answer to the control of ND in village chickens.
Backyard poultry raising in Bangladesh: a valued resource for the villagers and a setting for zoonotic transmission of avian influenza. A qualitative study.
TLDR
Although raising poultry provides essential support to the families' livelihoods, it exposes them to the risk of avian influenza through close contact with their poultry, and interventions that help to protect poultry flocks and improve household profitability are more likely to be practiced.
The use of poultry value chain mapping in developing HPAI control programmes
The continuing outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in Southeast Asia have been disastrous to the poultry industry in the region and have raised serious global public health
Gender issues in small-scale family poultry production: experiences with Newcastle Disease and Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza control
TLDR
Gender issues to be taken into consideration in Newcastle disease (ND) and Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) control are analyzed.
Avian influenza infection in birds: a challenge and opportunity for the poultry veterinarian.
TLDR
Since the 1990s, avian influenza infections attributable to 2 subtypes have been widespread in poultry across a large area of the world, and the LPAI H9N2 virus appears to have spread across the whole of Asia in that time and has become endemic in poultry in many of the affected countries.
Gender aspects in family poultry management systems in developing countries
Despite efforts to develop intensive poultry production, family poultry (FP) are still very important in developing countries. In most developing countries, the keeping of poultry by local
Challenges and opportunities for small-scale family poultry production in developing countries
The spectre of widespread food insecurity has become a global issue with the human population reaching 7 billion in 2012 and extreme weather events impacting on food production. Increased production
...
...