Impact and characteristics of positive and fearful emotional messages during infant social referencing.

@article{Kim2010ImpactAC,
  title={Impact and characteristics of positive and fearful emotional messages during infant social referencing.},
  author={Geunyoung Kim and Tedra A. Walden and Linda J Knieps},
  journal={Infant behavior & development},
  year={2010},
  volume={33 2},
  pages={189-95}
}
Studies of infant social referencing have indicated that infants might be more influenced by vocal information contained in emotional messages than by facial expression, especially during fearful message conditions. The present study investigated the characteristics of emotional channels that parents used during social referencing, and corresponding infants' behavioral changes. Results of Study 1 indicated that parents used more vocal information during positive message conditions. Unlike… CONTINUE READING