Immunosuppressive mechanisms of embryonic stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells in alloimmune response.

Although both embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known to have immunosuppressive effects, the mechanisms of immunosuppression are still controversial. Both types of stem cells suppressed not only the proliferation but also survival of CD4(+) T cells in vitro. They suppressed secretion of various cytokines (IL-2, IL-12, IFN… (More)