Immunology, climate change and vector-borne diseases.

  title={Immunology, climate change and vector-borne diseases.},
  author={Jonathan A Patz and William K. Reisen},
  journal={Trends in immunology},
  volume={22 4},
Global climate change might expand the distribution of vector-borne pathogens in both time and space, thereby exposing host populations to longer transmission seasons, and immunologically naive populations to newly introduced pathogens. In the African highlands, where cool temperatures limit malaria parasite development, increases in temperature might enhance malaria transmission. St Louis encephalitis viral replication and the length of the transmission season depend upon ambient temperature… CONTINUE READING

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