Immunological stress in kidney cancer patients undergoing either open nephrectomy or nephron-sparing surgery: an immunophenotypic study of lymphocyte subpopulations and circulating dendritic cells.


Immunosuppression is a characteristic hallmark of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), with several complex immune defects, almost solely at the level of cell-mediated immune function, well evident even in patients at first diagnosis. The main circulating lymphocyte subsets and the total number of circulating dendritic cells were quantified in 47 RCC patients at… (More)

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