Patients with H&N tumours treated with surgery, chemo- and radiotherapy also underwent an immunologic therapy with timopentina to evaluate clinic and immunologic efficacy during a 1-year follow-up. Twenty-five patients were recorded in this study divided at random into two groups. In group A the patients were administered timopentina (50 mg/3 times per week/6 weeks) subcutaneously in 4 o 5 cycles during the year. Group B were not administered timopentina. The immunologic state was assessed through investigation of the following: Evaluation of PBL and their T and B cell subpopulations Phagocytosis and blastigenesis Surface receptor and soluble receptor of IL2 NK activity IL1 production. The immunologic values of the two groups were correlated against a control group of twenty non-neoplastic patients. Our study revealed a better immunologic conditions at the end of follow-up in patients treated with timopentina compared to the other patients.