The expression of the adhesion molecule P-selectin is known to be up-regulated in several vital organs including the kidney after trauma in experimental animals. We examined the expression of P-selectin in the kidney by immunohistochemistry in 41 forensic autopsies mainly from trauma cases. P-selectin immunoreactivity was present in the glomerular capillary endothelial tufts and cortical interstitial vascular endothelial cells. The P-selectin immunoreactivity in the glomeruli was not co-localized with CD41 (platelet marker) immunoreactivity. The antemortem interval between the onset of injury and death (AMI) was statistically significantly longer in the cases with more P-selectin-positive capillary endothelial tufts in the glomeruli. Our results show that P-selectin immunoreactivity exists in the glomerular capillary endothelial cells rather than platelets. Our results also indicate that the P-selectin expression increases in the glomerular endothelial cells of the human kidney with the longer duration of the state under injury.