Immunohistochemical evidence suggests repeated intravesical application of botulinum toxin A injections may improve treatment efficacy of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome.

@article{Shie2013ImmunohistochemicalES,
  title={Immunohistochemical evidence suggests repeated intravesical application of botulinum toxin A injections may improve treatment efficacy of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome.},
  author={Jia-Heng Shie and Hsin-Tzu Liu and Yu-Syuan Wang and Hann-Chorng Kuo},
  journal={BJU international},
  year={2013},
  volume={111 4},
  pages={638-46}
}
UNLABELLED WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: A single set of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) injections relieves clinical symptoms of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS), but lacks long-term effect. An inadequate anti-inflammatory effect is likely to cause treatment failure. The study shows that chronic inflammation and… CONTINUE READING