Immunoescape the link between emphysema and lung cancer?

  title={Immunoescape the link between emphysema and lung cancer?},
  author={J. Sauleda and Francisco Javier Verd{\'u} and Sergio Scrimini and E. Sala and J. Pons},
  journal={Journal of thoracic disease},
  volume={11 Suppl 3},
  • J. Sauleda, Francisco Javier Verdú, +2 authors J. Pons
  • Published 2019
  • Medicine
  • Journal of thoracic disease
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been reported as a risk factor for lung cancer (LC) (1) independently of smoking and mainly related with the presence of emphysema, even in non-smokers (2). The mechanisms of this association are poorly understood. It has been hypothesised that the inflammation and oxidative stress present in COPD could facilitate carcinogenesis (3). 
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