Mercuric chloride-induced Gastrin/Cholecystokinin 8 immunoreactivity in the central nervous system of the terrestrial slug Semperula maculata: an immunohistochemical study
The distribution of gastrin/CCK-like immunoreactive material has been studied in the retrocerebral complex of Calliphora. The material reacts with antisera specific for the common COOH terminus of gastrin and CCK but not with N-terminal antisera. The three thoracic ganglia and the fused abdominal ganglia each contain a specific number of symmetrically arranged immunoreactive cells both dorsally and ventrally in pairs on either side of the midline in a sagittal plane. The neuropil of these ganglia also contains a considerable amount of immunoreactive fibres and droplets. Reconstructed axonal pathways suggest that some of the nerve fibres have their origins within the brain and/or the suboesophageal ganglion. Immunoreactive material may also be seen apparently leaving the thoracic ganglion posteriorly via the abdominal nerves, and there is strong evidence of a neurohaemal organ within the dorsal sheath in the region of the metathoracic and abdominal ganglia. There appears to be a direct correlation between the content of peptidergic material of cells and fibres and the age and diet of the flies. The corpus cardiacum contains COOH-terminal specific gastrin/CCK-like material within the intrinsic cells and in the neuropil. It is present also in the cardiac-recurrent nerve entering the corpus cardiacum anteriorly and in the nerves leaving the gland dorsoposteriorly, the aortic or cardiac nerves. It is not observed, however, in the nerves leaving the corpus cardiacum ventroposteriorly, the so-called oesophageal, gastric or crop-duct nerves. The corpus allatum and the hypocerebral ganglion do not contain immunoreactive material of this type. Gastrin/CCK-like and secretin-like immunoreactive materials appear to co-exist in the cells of the corpus cardiacum and co-existence of gastrin/CCK-like and pancreatic polypeptide like substances occurs within certain cells of the thoracic ganglion.