Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in HIV and sporotrichosis coinfection: report of two cases and review of the literature.

Abstract

We report 2 cases of patients with immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) associated with cutaneous disseminated sporotrichosis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection. The patients received specific treatment for sporotrichosis. However, after 4 and 5 weeks from the beginning of antiretroviral therapy, both patients experienced clinical exacerbation of skin lesions despite increased T CD4+ cells (T cells cluster of differentiation 4 positive) count and decreased viral load. Despite this exacerbation, subsequent mycological examination after systemic corticosteroid administration did not reveal fungal growth. Accordingly, they were diagnosed with IRIS. However, the sudden withdrawal of the corticosteroids resulted in the recurrence of IRIS symptoms. No serious adverse effects could be attributed to prednisone. We recommend corticosteroid treatment for mild-to-moderate cases of IRIS in sporotrichosis and HIV coinfection with close follow-up.

DOI: 10.1590/0037-8682-0146-2014

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Cite this paper

@article{Lyra2014ImmuneRI, title={Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in HIV and sporotrichosis coinfection: report of two cases and review of the literature.}, author={Marcelo Rosandiski Lyra and Maria Let{\'i}cia Fernandes Oliveira Nascimento and Andr{\'e}a Gina Varon and Maria In{\^e}s Fernandes Pimentel and Liliane de F{\'a}tima Ant{\^o}nio and Mauricio Naoto Saheki and Sandro Javier Bedoya-Pacheco and Ant{\^o}nio Carlos Francesconi do Valle}, journal={Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical}, year={2014}, volume={47 6}, pages={806-9} }