Immigration, Innovation, and Growth

  title={Immigration, Innovation, and Growth},
  author={Konrad B. Burchardi and Thomas Chaney and Tarek Alexander Hassan and Lisa Tarquinio and Stephen J. Terry},
  journal={NBER Working Paper Series},
We show a causal impact of immigration on innovation and dynamism in US counties. To identify the causal impact of immigration, we use 130 years of detailed data on migrations from foreign countries to US counties to isolate quasi-random variation in the ancestry composition of US counties that results purely from the interaction of two historical forces: (i) changes over time in the relative attractiveness of different destinations within the US to the average migrant arriving at the time and… Expand
European Immigrants and the United States’ Rise to the Technological Frontier
What is the role of immigrants on (American) Growth? To answer this perplex question, we undertake a massive effort of collecting, digitizing, and harmonizing micro and macro economic data from theExpand
Immigration and Spatial Equilibrium: The Role of Expenditures in the Country of Origin
This paper investigates the spatial distribution of immigrants across US cities. We document that: a) immigrants concentrate in large, expensive cities, b) the earnings gap between natives andExpand
Migrant Inventors and the Technological Advantage of Nations
We investigate the relationship between the presence of migrant inventors and the dynamics of innovation in the migrants' receiving countries. We find that countries are 25 to 60 percent more likelyExpand
The Political Effects of Immigration: Culture or Economics?
We review the growing literature on the political effects of immigration. After a brief summary of the economics of immigration, we turn to the main focus of the paper: how immigrants influenceExpand
Immigration Policy Levers for Us Innovation and Startups
Immigrants account for about a quarter of US invention and entrepreneurship despite a policy environment that is not well suited for these purposes. This chapter reviews the US immigration policyExpand
Educational Assimilation of First-Generation and Second-Generation Immigrants in Germany
Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel for 1984–2018, we analyze the intergenerational education mobility of immigrants in Germany by identifying the determinants of differences inExpand
How Do Restrictions on High-Skilled Immigration Affect Offshoring? Evidence from the H-1b Program
Skilled immigration restrictions may have secondary consequences that have been largely overlooked in the immigration debate: multinational firms faced with visa constraints have an offshoringExpand
Geographic Patterns of Innovation Across U.S. States: 1980-2010
knowledge creation since the early 1980s, becoming one of the world leaders of innovation. A standard measure of innovation that academics, governments, and businesses use is the number of patentsExpand
Cross-Border Institutions and the Globalization of Innovation
We identify strong cross-border institutions as a driver of the globalization of innovation. Using 67 million patents from over 100 patent offices, we introduce novel measures of innovation diffusionExpand
The Immigrant Next Door: Exposure, Prejudice, and Altruism
We study how decades-long exposure to individuals of a given foreign descent shapes natives’ attitudes and behavior toward that group, exploiting plausibly exogenous shocks to the ancestralExpand


Migrants, Ancestors, and Foreign Investments
We use 130 years of data on historical migrations to the United States to show a causal effect of the ancestry composition of US counties on foreign direct investment (FDI) sent and received by localExpand
Shift-Share Instruments and the Impact of Immigration
A large literature exploits geographic variation in the concentration of immigrants to identify their impact on a variety of outcomes. To address the endogeneity of immigrants' location choices, theExpand
Immigration and the Economy of Cities and Regions
In this chapter, we analyze immigration and its effect on urban and regional economies focusing on productivity and labor markets. While immigration policies are typically national, the effects ofExpand
The Contribution of High-Skilled Immigrants to Innovation in the United States
We characterize the contribution of immigrants to US innovation, both through their direct productivity as well as through their indirect spillover effects on their native collaborators. To do so, weExpand
Immigration and Production Technology
Research on the labor market impact of immigration typically relies on a single-good model of production with separable capital. This article discusses theory and evidence that suggest that thisExpand
Opening the Floodgates: Industry and Occupation Adjustments to Labor Immigration
This paper investigates the impact of a large shock to labor supply from immigration on occupational wages, labor costs and industry growth. We develop a simple factor-proportions theory whereExpand
Immigrants and the Making of America
We study the effects of European immigration to the U.S. during the Age of Mass Migration (1850–1920) on economic prosperity. Exploiting cross-county variation in immigration that arises from theExpand
How Much Does Immigration Boost Innovation?
We measure the extent to which skilled immigrants increase innovation in the United States by exploring individual patenting behavior as well as state-level determinants of patenting. The 2003Expand
Gifts of the Immigrants, Woes of the Natives: Lessons from the Age of Mass Migration
In this paper, I jointly investigate the political and the economic effects of immigration and study the causes of anti-immigrant sentiments. I exploit exogenous variation in European immigration toExpand
Gifts of the Immigrants, Woes of the Natives: Lessons from the Age of Mass Migration
In this article, I jointly investigate the political and the economic effects of immigration, and study the causes of anti-immigrant sentiments. I exploit exogenous variation in European immigrationExpand