Immigrants and the Making of America

@article{Sequeira2019ImmigrantsAT,
  title={Immigrants and the Making of America},
  author={Sandra Sequeira and Nathan Nunn and Nancy Qian},
  journal={The Review of Economic Studies},
  year={2019}
}
We study the effects of European immigration to the U.S. during the Age of Mass Migration (1850–1920) on economic prosperity. Exploiting cross-county variation in immigration that arises from the interaction of fluctuations in aggregate immigrant flows and of the gradual expansion of the railway network, we find that counties with more historical immigration have higher income, less poverty, less unemployment, higher rates of urbanization, and greater educational attainment today. The long… 
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In this article, I jointly investigate the political and the economic effects of immigration, and study the causes of anti-immigrant sentiments. I exploit exogenous variation in European immigration
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