Immigrants and Firms&Apos; Outcomes: Evidence from France

  title={Immigrants and Firms\&Apos; Outcomes: Evidence from France},
  author={Cristina Mitaritonna and Gianluca Orefice and Giovanni Peri},
  journal={Labor: Public Policy \& Regulation eJournal},
In this paper we analyze the impact of an increase in the local supply of immigrants on firms’ outcomes, allowing for heterogeneous effects across firms. Using micro-level data on French manufacturing firms spanning the period 1995–2005, we show that a supply-driven increase in the share of foreign-born workers in a French departement (a small geographic area) increased the total factor productivity of firms in that departement. We also find this effect to be significantly stronger for firms… Expand
Import Competition, Firms' Performance and Immigrant Workers
This paper investigates the impact of Chinese import competition on firms' performance, and whether firms employing immigrant workers face this shock differently. Using a sample of FrenchExpand
Immigrants and labour productivity: firms evidence from Italy (Presentazione)
The recent positive immigration trend that has characterized Europe over the last three decades and Italy since the 2000s, has generated an ongoing debate on the role played by immigrants on manyExpand
Immigration and firm productivity: evidence from the Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database
Previous studies on the impact of immigration on productivity in developed countries remain inconclusive, and most analyses are abstracted from firms where production actually takes place. This studyExpand
Does Low Skilled Immigration Increase Profits? Evidence from Italian Local Labour Markets
We estimate the (causal) effects of low skill immigration on the performance of Italian manufacturing firms. We find that an increase of the local supply of low skilled immigrants by one thousandExpand
Immigrant Workers, Firm Export Performance and Import Competition
This paper investigates whether the employment of immigrant workers affects the performance of firms in their export markets when they are facing an increase in import competition. Exploiting theExpand
Absorption of foreign knowledge: the impact of immigrants on firm productivity
What role do immigrants play in firms’ ability to absorb and apply foreign knowledge? Based on a matched employer–employee dataset from Danish manufacturing firms over the period 2001–2011, thisExpand
Do migrants affect the local product mix? An analysis of the effects and underlying mechanisms
We study the impact of immigration on the product mix of the receiving economy by combining information on the local presence of immigrants with a highly detailed definition of the set of goodsExpand
INAPP WP n . 7 Immigrants , Firms and Productivity : Evidence from Italy
Immigrants, Firms and Productivity: Evidence from Italy The recent positive immigration trend, that has characterized Europe over the last three decades, has generated an ongoing debate on the roleExpand
The Abolition of Immigration Restrictions and the Performance of Firms and Workers: Evidence from Switzerland
We study a reform that granted European cross-border workers free access to the Swiss labor market and had a stronger effect on regions close to the border. The greater availability of cross-borderExpand
How do Firms adjust to Negative Labor Supply Shocks? Evidence from Migration Outflows
Understanding how firms can accommodate negative labor supply shocks has important consequences both in terms of the performance of firms, and in terms of job and career opportunities of workers. IExpand


Do Immigrants Affect Firm‐Specific Wages?
In this paper, we propose and test a novel effect of immigration on the wages of native workers. Existing studies have focused on the wage effects that result from changes in the aggregate labourExpand
Migrants’ Influence on Firm-level Exports
We examine the role of migrants in trade using a firm-level approach. We exploit a new employer–employee panel for Sweden, which encompasses close to 600,000 full-time employees, approximately 12,000Expand
Does immigrant employment matter for export sales? Evidence from Denmark
Immigration impacts on the economy in ample ways: it affects growth, wages and total factor productivity. This study deals with the effects of immigration on firm exports. Can firms benefit fromExpand
The Effect of Immigration on Productivity: Evidence from Us States
Using the large variation in the inflow of immigrants across US states we analyze the impact of immigration on state employment, average hours worked, physical capital accumulation and, mostExpand
The Trade Creation Effect of Immigrants: Evidence from the Remarkable Case of Spain
There is abundant evidence that immigrant networks are associated with larger exports from the country where they settle to their countries of origin. The direction of causality of this associationExpand
The Dynamic Impact of Immigration on Natives' Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from Israel
This paper studies the short and medium run impact of highly skilled immigrants from the Former Soviet Union to Israel on natives' wages and employment. If immigrants are relatively good substitutesExpand
Trade and Migration: Firm-Level Evidence
Migration has been associated with higher levels of trade. Previous studies interpret this as evidence of migrants’ ability to lower trade costs. Nevertheless, no study has investigated the impact ofExpand
Heterogeneous Firms and Imperfect Substitution: The Productivity Effect of Migrants
To examine the impact of migrants on the average firm productivity, wages and welfare we construct a general equilibrium model with monopolistic competition a la Melitz (2003) consideringExpand
Immigration and Firm Expansion
Research generally focuses on how immigration affects native workers, while the impact of immigration on domestic firms is often overlooked. This paper addresses this important omission by examiningExpand
The Effects of High-Skilled Immigration Policy on Firms: Evidence from H-1B Visa Lotteries
We study the effect of a firm winning an additional H-1B visa on the firm’s outcomes, by comparing winning and losing firms in the Fiscal Year 2006 and 2007 H-1B visa lotteries. We matchExpand