Immigrant Social Policy in the American States

  title={Immigrant Social Policy in the American States},
  author={Alexandra Filindra},
  journal={State Politics \& Policy Quarterly},
  pages={26 - 48}
This article examines differences in the drivers of state Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Medicaid immigrant eligibility policies, determined in the wake of the 1996 Welfare Reform. The findings show that differences in the incentive structures of the two programs may affect the way race politics influence each. Specifically, race is a strong negative correlate for TANF inclusion of immigrants as states with large African American populations were more likely to exclude legal… 

The Politics of Welfare Exclusion: Immigration and Disparity in Medicaid Coverage

The rapid growth of the immigrant population in the United States, along with changes in the demographics and the political landscape, has often raised questions for understanding trends of

Federalism and the Racialization of Welfare Policy

Considerable research shows that welfare policies are stricter in states with large African American caseloads. We challenge the universality of this claim by extending Soss, Fording, and Schram’s

Immigrant Inclusion in the Safety Net: A Framework for Analysis and Effects on Educational Attainment

Across states, there is substantial variation in the degree to which immigrants and their children are offered public assistance. We present a theoretical framework for analyzing the effects of

Immigrant legislation, across and within the United States

State governments are now the principal source of immigrant legislation in the US. Existing research presents contradictory findings concerning the sources of pro- and anti-immigration state

Explaining the immigrant integration laws of German, Italian and Spanish regions: sub-state nationalism and multilevel party politics

ABSTRACT How do sub-state regions respond to immigration and what drives their policy choices? Combining the cross-national literature on citizenship and integration policy with the literature on

Coping with a changing integration policy context: American state policies and their effects on immigrant political engagement

ABSTRACT Over the past two decades, US states differentially increased their involvement in immigration policy-making, producing both welcoming and restrictive legislation. This uptick allows for a

Some Factors in State TANF Participation by Immigrants: An Examination Using the Group Threat Hypothesis

ABSTRACT This study asked what happens as the proportion of immigrants on states’ Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) rolls changes, employing the group threat hypothesis to analyze data


OF DISSERTATION CHANGING AMERICA: THE IMPACT OF IMMIGRATION ON WELFARE ATTITUDES AND WELFARE REFORM The purpose of my dissertation is to further our understanding of why some states restricted

Explaining Restrictive TANF Policies: Group Threat Hypothesis and State Economy Conditions

ABSTRACT This study examined whether TANF policies' restrictiveness is related to states' racial composition and economic conditions. The data were extracted from various reports dated 2000–2014.

At the intersection of immigration and welfare governance in the United States: State, county and frontline levels and clients’ perspectives

Abstract The U.S welfare reform of 1996 restricted the eligibility of immigrants and introduced a punitive and devolved workfare system. While previous studies explained state variation in the



Immigration and the Evolving American Welfare State: Examining Policies in the U.S. States

The inclusion of racial/ethnic minorities is often considered an important factor leading to a relatively limited American welfare system. However, given the federal nature of welfare eligibility

The Effects of Recent Welfare and Immigration Reforms on Immigrants’ Access to Health Care 1

This study investigates the impact of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act and the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act, both passed in 1996, on

Race and the Response of State Legislatures to Unauthorized Immigrants

It is found that economic indicators, crime rates, and demographic changes have little explanatory value for legislation aimed at restrictions on immigrant populations, and ideological framing is the most consistently important factor determining legislative responses to newcomers.

The Color of Devolution: Race, Federalism, and the Politics of Social Control

In this article, we seek to advance scholarship on the origins and consequences of policy devolution by analyzing state decisions to give local authorities control over welfare policy. The first part

The Impact of Social Diversity and Racial Attitudes on Social Welfare Policy

Students of race and politics in the U.S. have long asserted a relationship between the racial composition and public policies of states. A related but distinct line of research demonstrates a strong

Race, Bureaucratic Discretion, and the Implementation of Welfare Reform

This paper explores the impact of the race of individual clients and of the local racial context on the implementation of sanctions for recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in

Immigrants and Welfare: Policy Constructions of Deservingness

ABSTRACT The passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996, H.R. 3734, ended eligibility for all immigrants to federal means tested entitlements

Patchwork Policies: State Assistance for Immigrants Under Welfare Reform. Occasional Paper Number 24. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.

Despite significant federal benefit restorations and considerable assistance provided by states, the social safety net for immigrants remains weaker than before welfare reform. Although many states

Politics and the New American Welfare States

Federal law allows states to create new welfare policies determining who can receive welfare, what types of clients are exempted from new welfare work requirements, and the value of cash benefits.

Racial Attitudes and Opposition to Welfare

This article examines the role of racial attitudes in shaping white Americans' opposition to welfare. Past research on welfare views has focused on economic self-interest, individualism, and