Immigrant Entrepreneurs and Innovation in the U.S. High-Tech Sector

  title={Immigrant Entrepreneurs and Innovation in the U.S. High-Tech Sector},
  author={J. David Brown and John S. Earle and Mee Jung Kim and Kyung Min Lee},
  journal={Labor: Human Capital eJournal},
We estimate differences in innovation behavior between foreign versus U.S.-born entrepreneurs in high-tech industries. Our data come from the Annual Survey of Entrepreneurs, a random sample of firms with detailed information on owner characteristics and innovation activities. We find uniformly higher rates of innovation in immigrant-owned firms for 15 of 16 different innovation measures; the only exception is for copyright/trademark. The immigrant advantage holds for older firms as well as for… Expand
The Effects of Immigration on Entrepreneurship and Innovation
This paper reviews evidence about the effects of immigration on entrepreneurship and innovation. The number of immigrants has increased both in absolute numbers and as a share of the US population.Expand
Innovation in immigrant-owned firms
We use data from a nationally representative survey of Canadian firms in 2011, 2014 and 2017 and ask whether immigrant-owned small- and medium-sized firms were more likely than those owned byExpand
Immigration and Entrepreneurship in the United States
Immigration can expand labor supply and create greater competition for native-born workers. But immigrants may also start new firms, expanding labor demand. This paper uses U.S. administrative dataExpand
The Impact of Immigration on Skills, Innovation and Wages: Education Matters more than where People Come from
Abstract With the ensuing immigration reform in the US, the paper shows that targeted skilled immigration into the RD (ii) for wage gap to decrease, RD (iii) even with two types of specific R&DExpand
Immigrant Entrepreneurship: The Effect of Early Career Immigration Constraints and Job-Education Match on Science and Engineering Workforce
We develop a theoretically grounded framework to explain the stylized fact that immigrants launch a disproportionate number of startups in high technology industries. We examine howExpand
Insights on the double glass ceiling for women immigrant entrepreneurs in high-tech industry
  • 2020
Although the number of women-owned firms is growing, there still remains the gap in the technology sector. The purpose of the present study is to explore the barriers faced by womenentrepreneurs dueExpand
Foreign-Born graduates and innovation: Evidence from an Australian skilled visa program✰,✰✰,★,★★
Abstract This paper estimates the effect of a skilled visa program that permits foreign-born graduates from Australian universities the right to temporarily live and work in Australia post-graduationExpand
Immigration Policy Levers for Us Innovation and Startups
Immigrants account for about a quarter of US invention and entrepreneurship despite a policy environment that is not well suited for these purposes. This chapter reviews the US immigration policyExpand
Black Entrepreneurs, Job Creation, and Financial Constraints
IZA DP No. 14403 MAY 2021 Black Entrepreneurs, Job Creation, and Financial Constraints Black-owned businesses tend to operate with less finance and employ fewer workers than those owned by Whites.Expand
Institutions and Innovation: A Review of Recent Literature
Technological innovation is critical to a country’s economic development and a firm’s long-term success. This article reviews the recent literature that links institutions and innovation.Expand


U.S. High-Skilled Immigration, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship: Empirical Approaches and Evidence
High-skilled immigrants are a very important component of U.S. innovation and entrepreneurship. Immigrants account for roughly a quarter of U.S. workers in these fields, and they have a similarExpand
High-Tech Immigrant Entrepreneurship in the United States
This article reports the results of a national survey that estimates the rate of immigrant entrepreneurship in a representative sample of high-impact firms in high-technology industries in the UnitedExpand
Immigrant Entrepreneurship in America: Evidence from the Survey of Business Owners 2007 & 2012
We study immigrant entrepreneurship and firm ownership in 2007 and 2012 using the Survey of Business Owners (SBO). The survival and growth of immigrant-owned businesses over time relative toExpand
Education, Entrepreneurship and Immigration: America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs, Part II
Skilled immigrants have achieved great success in starting engineering and technology companies in the United States, and they contribute significantly to the country's economic growth over time. TheExpand
Silicon Valley’s New Immigrant High-Growth Entrepreneurs
This article examines the economic contributions of skilled Asian immigrants in Silicon Valley—both directly, as entrepreneurs, and indirectly, as facilitators of trade with and investment in theirExpand
The Supply Side of Innovation: H-1b Visa Reforms and Us Ethnic Invention
This study evaluates the impact of high-skilled immigrants on US technology formation. We use reduced-form specifications that exploit large changes in the H-1B visa program. Higher H-1B admissionsExpand
Which Immigrants Are Most Innovative and Entrepreneurial? Distinctions by Entry Visa
  • J. Hunt
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Labor Economics
  • 2011
Using the 2003 National Survey of College Graduates, I examine how immigrants perform in activities likely to increase U.S. productivity, according to the type of visa on which they first entered theExpand
High-Growth Entrepreneurship
We study the patterns and determinants of job creation for a large cohort of start-up firms. Analysis of the universe of U.S. employers reveals strong persistence in employment size from firm birthExpand
Immigration and Entrepreneurship
Immigrants are widely perceived as being highly entrepreneurial and important for economic growth and innovation. This is reflected in immigration policies and many developed countries have createdExpand
How Much Does Immigration Boost Innovation?
We measure the extent to which skilled immigrants increase innovation in the United States by exploring individual patenting behavior as well as state-level determinants of patenting. The 2003Expand