Immigrant Enclaves and Crime

  title={Immigrant Enclaves and Crime},
  author={Stephen J. Machin and Brian Bell},
  journal={Built Environment eJournal},
There is conflicting evidence on the consequences of immigrant neighbourhood segregation for individual outcomes, with various studies finding positive, negative or insubstantial effects. In this paper, we document the evolution of immigrant segregation in England over the last 40 years. We show that standard measures of segregation point to gentle declines over time for all immigrant groups. However, this hides a significant increase in the number of immigrant enclaves where immigrants account… 

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