Immature stages of beetles representing the ‘Opatrinoid’ clade (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae): an overview of current knowledge of the larval morphology and some resulting taxonomic notes on Blapstinina

  title={Immature stages of beetles representing the ‘Opatrinoid’ clade (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae): an overview of current knowledge of the larval morphology and some resulting taxonomic notes on Blapstinina},
  author={Marcin Jan Kamiński and Ryan Lumen and Magdalena Kubicz and Warren E. Steiner and Kojun Kanda and Dariusz Iwan},
This paper summarizes currently available morphological data on larval stages of representatives of the ‘Opatrinoid’ clade (Tenebrionidae: Tenebrioninae). Literature research revealed that larval morphology of approximately 6% of described species representing this lineage is currently known (139 out of ~ 2325 spp.). Larvae of the five following species are described and illustrated: Zadenos mulsanti (Dendarini: Melambiina; South Africa), Blapstinus histricus, Blapstinus longulus, Trichoton… 
Molecular insights into the phylogeny of Blapstinina (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae: Opatrini)
Results support the monophyly of Blapstinina; however, they also strongly indicate that Ammodonus should be included within the subtribe; and Pseudephalus is synonymized with Ephalus, making the distribution of Opatrina amphi‐Atlantic.
On the Taxonomic Placement of Penichrus Champion, 1885 and a Synopsis of North American Opatrini (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae: Blaptinae)
A morphological analysis and discussion of current tribal concepts is presented, which exposes the weakness of the currently accepted classification system, and highlights a need for extensive comparative morphological studies within Tenebrioninae and related subfamilies.
Illustrated Catalog of the Subtribe Helopinina Lacordaire (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae: Blaptinae: Pedinini)
A catalog of all valid genus-group and species-group names of Helopinina darkling beetles and their available synonyms is presented and the following new combinations are proposed.
Revision of the Genus Ulus Horn, 1870 (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae: Opatrini: Blapstinina)
Examination of female terminalia revealed all but two Ulus species (U. lineatulus and U. obliquus) possess sclerotized plates with spines in their bursa copulatrix, resulting in seven synonomies.
Reevaluation of Blapimorpha and Opatrinae: addressing a major phylogeny‐classification gap in darkling beetles (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae: Blaptinae)
The reinstatement of Blaptinae, which groups ∼50% of the former Tenebrioninee, helps to clarify phylogenetic relations among the whole family and is the first step towards a complete higher‐level revision of TeneBRionidae.
Review of genus-group names in the family Tenebrionidae (Insecta, Coleoptera)
A review of genus-group names for darkling beetles in the family Tenebrionidae (Insecta: Coleoptera) is presented, along with data on the distribution of valid genera and subgenera within major biogeographical realms.
Additions and corrections to “Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta)”
The ultimate goal is to assemble a complete list of available Coleoptera family-group names published up to the end of 2010 (including information about their spelling, author, year of publication, and type genus).
Description of the Larva of Cyptus ardoini (Pierre, 1972), with Remarks on Larval Morphology of Opatrinoid Beetles (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)
This Namibian species was considered as closely related to Japanese Caedius maderi Kaszab, 1942 based on the unique fore legs structure and interpretation of the character structure of the head capsule was presented.
Old origin for an European‐African amphitropical disjunction pattern: New insights from a case study on wingless darkling beetles
The origin of the amphitropic Mediterranean Basin and southern African disjunction (European–African amphitropical disjunction; EAAD) pattern is generally attributed to recent dispersal events.


Pythiopina, an enigmatic subtribe of darkling beetles (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae: Pedinini): taxonomic revision, microtomography, ecological niche models and phylogenetic position
This analysis is the first to include representatives of all seven subtribes of Pedinini, and supports a sister relationship between Pythiopina and the Palaearctic subtribe Dendarina, and suggests the existence of a second pair of sister taxa withinPedinini with an amphitropical African distribution.
Generic classification of the tribe Platynotini [Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae], with notes on phylogeny
The results of the analysis do not support the classification proposed by Koch (1956), and in the most parsimonious cladograms the Platynotini constitute a monophyletic lineage.
Phylogeny of the Coleoptera Based on Morphological Characters of Adults and Larvae
Abstract. In order to infer phylogenetic relationships within the extraordinarily speciesrich order Coleoptera, a cladistic analysis is performed, in which 516 adult and larval morphological
Immature Stages of Beetles Representing the ‘Opatrinoid’ Clade (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae): An Overview of Current Knowledge of the Pupal Morphology
Current morphological data on pupal stages of representatives of the ‘Opatrinoid’ clade (Tenebrionidae: Tene brioninae) is summarized and directions for future research are provided.
Toward a natural classification of opatrine darkling beetles: comparative study of female terminalia
The first comparative morphological study of the female terminalia of the Opatrini revealed that Heterotarsini and Heterocheirini share a unique vagina modification (presence of dual sclerites), which leads to the recovery of other presumably monophyletic groups (e.g., Blapsitnus generic complex).
The Tenebrionidae of Southern Africa. XXV. New, forgotten or Palaeartic genera and species of Opatrinae
In the present paper some further and new phylogenetic lines are introduced into the systematics of Southern African Opatrinae, confirming close connexions with the tropical fauna of Africa and
Larvae of the genus Eleodes (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae): matrix-based descriptions, cladistic analysis, and key to late instars
The larval stage of Eleodes armatus LeConte is redescribed with additional characters to differentiate it from the newly described congeneric larvae.
The basal phylogeny of Scarabaeoidea (Insecta : Coleoptera) inferred from larval morphology
It is suggested that larval morphology alone is not an adequate tool to address basal relationships of Scarabaeoidea and a total evidence analysis should be performed.
The type genus of this subtribe is Neopachypterus nomen novum and the available name Imatismus Dejean, 1834 is given priority over Himatismus Erichson, 1843 and Curimosphena Gebien, 1920.
The Tenebrionidae of southern Africa. XLI. Descriptive notes on the early stages of four genera of the Drosochrini (Coleoptera)
It is found that from the third instar onwards the main characters in tenebrionid larvae remain practically unchanged, a reliable comparison is nevertheless possible and may complement the knowledge of the interrelationship of teneBRionid beetles, as reflected in their larval stages.