Imipramine Inhibits Chikungunya Virus Replication in Human Skin Fibroblasts through Interference with Intracellular Cholesterol Trafficking

Abstract

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an emerging arbovirus of the Togaviridae family that poses a present worldwide threat to human in the absence of any licensed vaccine or antiviral treatment to control viral infection. Here, we show that compounds interfering with intracellular cholesterol transport have the capacity to inhibit CHIKV replication in human skin fibroblasts, a major viral entry site in the human host. Pretreatment of these cells with the class II cationic amphiphilic compound U18666A, or treatment with the FDA-approved antidepressant drug imipramine resulted in a near total inhibition of viral replication and production at the highest concentration used without any cytotoxic effects. Imipramine was found to affect both the fusion and replication steps of the viral life cycle. The key contribution of cholesterol availability to the CHIKV life cycle was validated further by the use of fibroblasts from Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) patients in which the virus was unable to replicate. Interestingly, imipramine also strongly inhibited the replication of several Flaviviridae family members, including Zika, West Nile and Dengue virus. Together, these data show that this compound is a potential drug candidate for anti-arboviral treatment.

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-03316-5

2 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Wichit2017ImipramineIC, title={Imipramine Inhibits Chikungunya Virus Replication in Human Skin Fibroblasts through Interference with Intracellular Cholesterol Trafficking}, author={Sineewanlaya Wichit and Rodolphe Hamel and Eric Bernard and Lo{\"{i}c Talignani and Fod{\'e} Diop and Pauline Ferraris and Florian Liegeois and Peeraya Ekchariyawat and Natthanej Luplertlop and Pornapat Surasombatpattana and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Thomas and Andres Merits and Val{\'e}rie Choumet and Pierre Roques and Hans Yssel and Laurence Briant and Doroth{\'e}e Miss{\'e}}, booktitle={Scientific reports}, year={2017} }