Imatinib compared with interferon and low-dose cytarabine for newly diagnosed chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia.

  title={Imatinib compared with interferon and low-dose cytarabine for newly diagnosed chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia.},
  author={Stephen G. O’Brien and François Guilhot and Richard A. Larson and Insa Gathmann and Michele Baccarani and Francisco Cervantes and Jan J Cornelissen and Thomas J. Fischer and Andreas Hochhaus and Timothy P. Hughes and Klaus Lechner and Johan Lanng Nielsen and Philippe Rousselot and Josy Reiffers and Giuseppe Saglio and John D. Shepherd and Bengt Simonsson and Alois Gratwohl and John M. Goldman and Hagop M. Kantarjian and Kerry E. Taylor and Gregor E. G. Verhoef and Ann E Bolton and Renaud Capdeville and Brian J. Druker},
  journal={The New England journal of medicine},
  volume={348 11},
BACKGROUND Imatinib, a selective inhibitor of the BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase, produces high response rates in patients with chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who have had no response to interferon alfa. We compared the efficacy of imatinib with that of interferon alfa combined with low-dose cytarabine in newly diagnosed chronic-phase CML. METHODS We randomly assigned 1106 patients to receive imatinib (553 patients) or interferon alfa plus low-dose cytarabine (553 patients). Crossover… 

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