Imaging the genetics of executive function

@article{Greene2008ImagingTG,
  title={Imaging the genetics of executive function},
  author={Ciara M. Greene and Wouter Braet and Katherine A. Johnson and Mark A. Bellgrove},
  journal={Biological Psychology},
  year={2008},
  volume={79},
  pages={30-42}
}
Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Magnetic Resonance Imaging Measurements and Cognitive Performance in Autism
TLDR
Findings from this study suggest that executive function deficits observed in autism are related to functional but not anatomical abnormalities of the frontal lobe, and suggests that executive dysfunction is not the result of focal brain alterations but, rather, is the results of a distributed neural network dysfunction.
[Neuropsychological models of autism spectrum disorders - behavioral evidence and functional imaging].
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  • 2011
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A better understanding of the complexities of ASD in future research demands the integration of clinical, neuropsychological, functional imaging, and molecular genetics evidence.
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Alex consistencies broadly support the presence of frontal compensatory activity, MTL activity alteration, and posterior midline “default mode” hyperactivation during episodic memory encoding attempts in the diseased or prospective pre-disease condition.
Neuroimaging of Attention
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Neuroimaging has become a primary method for cognitive neuroscience research over the past 2 decades, providing a powerful tool for studying brain structure and function, and has evolved to the point that many universities now have research-dedicated MR scanners, in many cases located in psychology or neuroscience departments.
The Neural Correlates of Working Memory in Children and Adolescents with ASD and the Effects of Cognitive Load
TLDR
Results suggest that children with ASD rely mainly on posterior brain regions associated with lower-level visual processing, whereas controls showed activity in frontal lobes related to the classic WM network.
The neural correlates of visuo-spatial working memory in children with autism spectrum disorder: effects of cognitive load
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The data suggest that children with ASD rely mainly on posterior brain regions associated with visual and lower level processing, whereas controls showed activity in frontal lobes related to the classic WM network.
EEG anomalies in adult ADHD subjects performing a working memory task
Autism Spectrum Disorder: Does Neuroimaging Support the DSM-5 Proposal for a Symptom Dyad? A Systematic Review of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Diffusion Tensor Imaging Studies
TLDR
A systematic review of 208 studies comprising functional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging data in patients with ‘autism spectrum disorder’ was conducted, and partially supports the DSM-5 proposal of a social communication and behavioral symptom dyad.
Neurodevelopment and executive function in autism
TLDR
Evidence from studies probing response inhibition and working memory indicate impairments in these core components of executive function, as well as compensatory mechanisms that permit normative function in autism.
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