Imaging Cell Viability on Non-transparent Scaffolds - Using the Example of a Novel Knitted Titanium Implant.


Intervertebral disc degeneration and disc herniation is one of the major causes of lower back pain. Depletion of extracellular matrix, culminating in nucleus pulposus (NP) extrusion leads to intervertebral disc destruction. Currently available surgical treatments reduce the pain but do not restore the mechanical functionality of the spine. In order to preserve mechanical features of the spine, total disc or nucleus replacement thus became a wide interest. However, this arthroplasty era is still in an immature state, since none of the existing products have been clinically evaluated. This study intends to test the biocompatibility of a novel nucleus implant made of knitted titanium wires. Despite all mechanical advantages, the material has its limits for conventional optical analysis as the resulting implant is non-transparent. Here we present a strategy that describes in vitro visualization, tracking and viability testing of osteochondro-progenitor cells on the scaffold. This protocol can be used to visualize the efficiency of the cleaning protocol as well as to investigate the biocompatibility of these and other non-transparent scaffolds. Furthermore, this protocol can be used to show adherence pattern of cells as well as cell viability and proliferation rates on/in the scaffold. This in vitro biocompatibility testing assay provides a propitious tool to analyze cell-material interaction in non-transparent and opaque scaffolds.

DOI: 10.3791/54537

Cite this paper

@article{Tendulkar2016ImagingCV, title={Imaging Cell Viability on Non-transparent Scaffolds - Using the Example of a Novel Knitted Titanium Implant.}, author={Gauri Tendulkar and Phillip Grau and Patrick Ziegler and Alfred Buck and Andreas Badke and H -P Kaps and Sabrina Ehnert and Andreas Klaus Nussler}, journal={Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE}, year={2016}, volume={115} }