Images of protest: Dimensions of selection bias in media coverage of Washington demonstrations, 1982 and 1991

@article{McCarthy1996ImagesOP,
  title={Images of protest: Dimensions of selection bias in media coverage of Washington demonstrations, 1982 and 1991},
  author={John D. McCarthy and Clark Mcphail and Jackie Smith},
  journal={American Sociological Review},
  year={1996},
  volume={61},
  pages={478-499}
}
Protest is now central to politics in Western democracies, but it is known to citizens mainly through portrayals in the media. Yet the media cover only a small fraction of public protests, raising the possibility of selection bias. We study this problem by comparing police records of demonstrations in Washington, D.C. in 1982 and 1991 with media coverage of the events in The New York Times, The Washington Post, and on three national television networks. We model the consequences of… 
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