Images from Galileo of the Venus Cloud Deck

@article{Belton1991ImagesFG,
  title={Images from Galileo of the Venus Cloud Deck},
  author={Michael J. S. Belton and Peter J. Gierasch and Michael D. Smith and P Helfenstein and Paul J. Schinder and James B. Pollack and Kathy A. Rages and Andrew P. Ingersoll and K. P. Klaasen and Joseph Frank Veverka and Clifford D. Anger and Michael H. Carr and Clark R. Chapman and Merton E. Davies and Fraser P. Fanale and Ronald Greeley and Richard Greenberg and James W. Head and David R. Morrison and Gerhard Neukum and Carl Bernard Pilcher},
  journal={Science},
  year={1991},
  volume={253},
  pages={1531 - 1536}
}
Images of Venus taken at 418 (violet) and 986 [near-infrared (NIR)] nanometers show that the morphology and motions of large-scale features change with depth in the cloud deck. Poleward meridional velocities, seen in both spectral regions, are much reduced in the NIR In the south polar region the markings in the two wavelength bands are strongly anticorrelated. The images follow the changing state of the upper cloud layer downwind of the subsolar point, and the zonal flow field shows a… Expand
Galileo Infrared Imaging Spectroscopy Measurements at Venus
TLDR
During the 1990 Galileo Venus flyby, the Near Infaied Mapping Spectrometer investigated the night-side atmosphere of Venus in the spectral range 0.7 to 5.2 micrometers to derive lower atmosphere abundances of water vapor and other species. Expand
The study of Venus with amateur telescopes
Near ultraviolet and infrared continuative high resolution images of Venus with amateur equipment can contribute actively to understand the dynamics of atmosphere and surface. In this paper imagesExpand
Characterization of mesoscale gravity waves in the upper and lower clouds of Venus from VEX‐VIRTIS images
[1] Images obtained from the Visible and InfraRed Thermal Imaging Spectrometer (VIRTIS)-M instrument onboard Venus Express present visible trains of alternating bands of cloud brightness in twoExpand
Wave signature in the Venus dayside cloud layer at 58–64 km observed by ground-based infrared spectroscopy
Abstract We performed infrared spectroscopic measurements of the Venus’ dayside to find out atmospheric wave structures at 58–64 km in the cloud layer by quantifying carbon dioxide absorption. ThisExpand
Multispectral near-IR imaging of Venus nightside cloud features
Near-infrared imaging observations of the Venus nightside were made on May 17–23, 1996, at the Apache Point Observatory. The data were taken with an acousto-optic tunable filter camera (AOTF), whichExpand
Morphology and dynamics of the upper cloud layer of Venus
TLDR
The convective cells in the vicinity of the subsolar point are much smaller than previously inferred, which is interpreted as indicating that they are confined to the upper cloud layer, contrary to previous conclusions, but consistent with more recent study. Expand
Venus Doppler winds at cloud tops observed with ESPaDOnS at CFHT
We present new wind measurements in Venus' lower mesosphere from visible spectroscopy during the 2007 worldwide coordinated ground campaign in support of ESA's Venus Express mission. TheseExpand
Morphology and Dynamics of Venus's Middle Clouds With Akatsuki/IR1
The Venusian atmosphere is covered by clouds with super-rotating winds whose accelerating mechanism is still not well understood. The fastest winds, occurring at the cloud tops ($\sim$70 km height),Expand
Winds in the Middle Cloud Deck From the Near-IR Imaging by the Venus Monitoring Camera Onboard Venus Express
For more than 8 years the Venus Monitoring Camera (VMC) onboard the Venus Express orbiter performed continuous imaging of the Venus cloud layer in UV, visible and near-IR filters. We applied theExpand
Cloud brightness distribution and turbulence in Venus using Galileo violet images
Venus cloud covered atmosphere offers a well-suited framework to study the coupling between the atmospheric dynamics and the structure of the cloud field. Violet images obtained during the GalileoExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES
Venus: Atmospheric Motion and Structure from Mariner 10 Pictures
TLDR
The Mariner 10 television camieras imaged the planet Venus in the visible and near ultraviolet for a period of 8 days at resolutions ranging from 100 meters to 130 kilometers, showing evidence of large-scale convection that persists in spite of the main zonal motion. Expand
Cloud morphology and motions from Pioneer Venus images
The orbiter cloud photopolarimeter on the Pioneer Venus spacecraft obtained over 300 images of Venus in the ultraviolet during a 3-month period of extensive observations from January through MarchExpand
Orbiter Cloud Photopolarimeter Investigation
The first polarization measurements of the orbiter cloud photopolarimeter have detected a planet-wide layer of submicrometer aerosols of substantial visible optical thickness, of the order of 0.05 toExpand
The Nature of the Near-Infrared Features on the Venus Night Side
TLDR
Near-infrared images of the Venus night side show bright contrast features that move from east to west, in the direction of the cloud-top atmospheric superrotation, which indicates that there are partial clearings in this cloud deck. Expand
Cloud motions on Venus - Global structure and organization
Abstract We present results on cloud motions on Venus obtained over a period of 3.5 days from Mariner 10 television images. The implied atmosphere flow is almost zonal everywhere on the visible disk,Expand
Cloud-Tracked Winds from Pioneer Venus OCPP Images
Abstract Analysis of ultraviolet image sequences, obtained from the Pioneer Venus Orbiter Cloud Photopolarimeter and covering five 80-day periods from 1979–1985, provides the first climatologicalExpand
Venus: Vertical Structure of Stratospheric Hazes from Mariner 10 Pictures
Abstract High-resolution pictures of the limb of Venus taken by the Mariner 10 television camera indicate the presence of tenuous haze layers high in the stratosphere. At least two distinct layersExpand
The microphysics of the clouds of Venus: Results of the Pioneer Venus Particle Size Spectrometer Experiment
The results of the particle size spectrometer experiment on the Pioneer Venus sounder probe are presented. The vertical cloud structure is found to consist of three primary cloud regions ofExpand
Cloud Patterns, Waves and Convection in the Venus Atmosphere
Detailed descriptions and interpretations are provided for phenomena seen in the UV markings on Venus during the Mariner 10 encounter with that planet. The phenomena include the dark horizontal Y,Expand
Waves, advection, and cloud patterns on Venus
Abstract The stable layers adjacent to the nearly neutral layer within the Venus clouds are found to be capable of supporting vertically trapped, horizontally propagating waves with horizontalExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...