Image of psychiatric patients' competency to give informed consent to treatment in Japan. II. A case vignette study of competency judgements.

@article{Kitamura1999ImageOP,
  title={Image of psychiatric patients' competency to give informed consent to treatment in Japan. II. A case vignette study of competency judgements.},
  author={Toshio Kitamura and Fusako Kitamura and Aki Ito and Yumi Okazaki and Noriko Okuda and Tomoharu Mitsuhashi and Hisao Katoh},
  journal={International journal of law and psychiatry},
  year={1999},
  volume={22 2},
  pages={133-42}
}
No medical treatment or procedure should be initiated without the consent of the patient involved. However, consent can be regarded as valid only when given by a mentally sound individual. The term mentally sound can be regarded as equivalent to competent. If a patient is incompetent to give informed consent to a treatment, his/her decision will be substituted with that of a legally authorized proxy so as to protect the patient’s best interest. Thus, it is the 

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